Influence of monoamine oxidase inhibitors on striatonigral dynorphin system: a study with deprenyl and clorgyline

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Abstract

This study examined the influence of selected monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors on basal ganglia neurotransmitter (dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine) and neuropeptide (dynorphin) systems of Sprague-Dawley rats. The striatum or substantia nigra or both were used for biochemical determinations. The striatal concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their metabolites were determined by HPLC. The levels of striatal and nigral dynorphin A (1-8) (DYN) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The abundance of striatal prodynorphin (PD) mRNA was determined by Northern blot analysis using a cRNA probe. Deprenyl, a MAO-B selective inhibitor (0.25, 0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously (s.c.) for 4 d) and clorgyline, a MAO-A inhibitor (0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) produced a dose-related increase in DA and 5-HT and a decrease in their metabolites in the striatum. Only high doses (20 mg/kg) of deprenyl or clorgyline induced an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra (DYN terminal region); the increased level of DYN was accompanied by an increase in PD-mRNA levels in striatum (DYN cell-body region). Co-administration of low doses (2.5 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) of deprenyl and clorgyline, that would selectively inhibit MAO-B and MAO-A respectively, produced a marked increase in DA and 5-HT, a decrease in DOPAC and 5-HIAA, an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra and an increase in PD-mRNA levels in the striatum. The results indicate that concurrent inhibition of MAO-B and MAO-A, that results in markedly elevated levels of DA and 5-HT in the striatum, is associated with an increase in dynorphin biosynthesis in the striatonigral neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-45
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropeptides
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

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Clorgyline
Selegiline
Dynorphins
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Monoamine Oxidase
Substantia Nigra
Serotonin
Corpus Striatum
dynorphin (1-8)
Metabolites
Messenger RNA
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
Complementary RNA
Body Regions
Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Biosynthesis
Basal Ganglia
Neuropeptides
Northern Blotting
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{7315151dd47348f585457027d27e7fdb,
title = "Influence of monoamine oxidase inhibitors on striatonigral dynorphin system: a study with deprenyl and clorgyline",
abstract = "This study examined the influence of selected monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors on basal ganglia neurotransmitter (dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine) and neuropeptide (dynorphin) systems of Sprague-Dawley rats. The striatum or substantia nigra or both were used for biochemical determinations. The striatal concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their metabolites were determined by HPLC. The levels of striatal and nigral dynorphin A (1-8) (DYN) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The abundance of striatal prodynorphin (PD) mRNA was determined by Northern blot analysis using a cRNA probe. Deprenyl, a MAO-B selective inhibitor (0.25, 0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously (s.c.) for 4 d) and clorgyline, a MAO-A inhibitor (0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) produced a dose-related increase in DA and 5-HT and a decrease in their metabolites in the striatum. Only high doses (20 mg/kg) of deprenyl or clorgyline induced an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra (DYN terminal region); the increased level of DYN was accompanied by an increase in PD-mRNA levels in striatum (DYN cell-body region). Co-administration of low doses (2.5 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) of deprenyl and clorgyline, that would selectively inhibit MAO-B and MAO-A respectively, produced a marked increase in DA and 5-HT, a decrease in DOPAC and 5-HIAA, an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra and an increase in PD-mRNA levels in the striatum. The results indicate that concurrent inhibition of MAO-B and MAO-A, that results in markedly elevated levels of DA and 5-HT in the striatum, is associated with an increase in dynorphin biosynthesis in the striatonigral neurons.",
author = "Subbiah Sivam",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.1016/0143-4179(93)90066-J",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
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AU - Sivam, Subbiah

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N2 - This study examined the influence of selected monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors on basal ganglia neurotransmitter (dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine) and neuropeptide (dynorphin) systems of Sprague-Dawley rats. The striatum or substantia nigra or both were used for biochemical determinations. The striatal concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their metabolites were determined by HPLC. The levels of striatal and nigral dynorphin A (1-8) (DYN) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The abundance of striatal prodynorphin (PD) mRNA was determined by Northern blot analysis using a cRNA probe. Deprenyl, a MAO-B selective inhibitor (0.25, 0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously (s.c.) for 4 d) and clorgyline, a MAO-A inhibitor (0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) produced a dose-related increase in DA and 5-HT and a decrease in their metabolites in the striatum. Only high doses (20 mg/kg) of deprenyl or clorgyline induced an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra (DYN terminal region); the increased level of DYN was accompanied by an increase in PD-mRNA levels in striatum (DYN cell-body region). Co-administration of low doses (2.5 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) of deprenyl and clorgyline, that would selectively inhibit MAO-B and MAO-A respectively, produced a marked increase in DA and 5-HT, a decrease in DOPAC and 5-HIAA, an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra and an increase in PD-mRNA levels in the striatum. The results indicate that concurrent inhibition of MAO-B and MAO-A, that results in markedly elevated levels of DA and 5-HT in the striatum, is associated with an increase in dynorphin biosynthesis in the striatonigral neurons.

AB - This study examined the influence of selected monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors on basal ganglia neurotransmitter (dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine) and neuropeptide (dynorphin) systems of Sprague-Dawley rats. The striatum or substantia nigra or both were used for biochemical determinations. The striatal concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their metabolites were determined by HPLC. The levels of striatal and nigral dynorphin A (1-8) (DYN) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The abundance of striatal prodynorphin (PD) mRNA was determined by Northern blot analysis using a cRNA probe. Deprenyl, a MAO-B selective inhibitor (0.25, 0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, subcutaneously (s.c.) for 4 d) and clorgyline, a MAO-A inhibitor (0.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) produced a dose-related increase in DA and 5-HT and a decrease in their metabolites in the striatum. Only high doses (20 mg/kg) of deprenyl or clorgyline induced an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra (DYN terminal region); the increased level of DYN was accompanied by an increase in PD-mRNA levels in striatum (DYN cell-body region). Co-administration of low doses (2.5 mg/kg/day, s.c. for 4 d) of deprenyl and clorgyline, that would selectively inhibit MAO-B and MAO-A respectively, produced a marked increase in DA and 5-HT, a decrease in DOPAC and 5-HIAA, an increase in DYN levels in the striatum and substantia nigra and an increase in PD-mRNA levels in the striatum. The results indicate that concurrent inhibition of MAO-B and MAO-A, that results in markedly elevated levels of DA and 5-HT in the striatum, is associated with an increase in dynorphin biosynthesis in the striatonigral neurons.

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