Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence Symptoms and Parenting on Adolescent Risky Drinking and Conduct Problems: A Family Systems Perspective

Jinni Su, Sally I.Chun Kuo, Fazil Aliev, Mignonne C. Guy, Chelsea L. Derlan, Howard Edenberg, John Nurnberger, John R. Kramer, Kathleen K. Bucholz, Jessica E. Salvatore, Danielle M. Dick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Parental alcohol problems are associated with adverse adolescent outcomes such as risky drinking and conduct problems. Important questions remain about the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems and differences and/or similarities in pathways of risk across ethnicity and gender. In this study, we used a family systems approach to consider spillover and crossover effects of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems (number of alcohol dependence symptoms [ADS]) and parenting behaviors in relation to adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems. Methods: The sample included 1,282 adolescents (aged 12 to 17) and their parents from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Parents completed the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), and adolescents completed an adolescent version of SSAGA. Data were analyzed using multivariate structural equation modeling. Results: Fathers' ADS count was associated with higher adolescent risky drinking and conduct problems indirectly via disruption to fathers' and mothers' positive parenting behaviors, whereas mothers' ADS count was not associated with adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems directly or indirectly via positive parenting behaviors. No differences in these associations were found across ethnic background and offspring gender. Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of considering the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' ADS in influencing family processes and adolescent outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Parenting
Alcoholism
Alcohols
Fathers
Mothers
Parents
Systems Analysis
Underage Drinking
Drinking
Genetics

Keywords

  • Alcohol Dependence
  • Conduct Problems
  • Externalizing
  • Parenting
  • Risky Drinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence Symptoms and Parenting on Adolescent Risky Drinking and Conduct Problems : A Family Systems Perspective. / Su, Jinni; Kuo, Sally I.Chun; Aliev, Fazil; Guy, Mignonne C.; Derlan, Chelsea L.; Edenberg, Howard; Nurnberger, John; Kramer, John R.; Bucholz, Kathleen K.; Salvatore, Jessica E.; Dick, Danielle M.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Su, Jinni ; Kuo, Sally I.Chun ; Aliev, Fazil ; Guy, Mignonne C. ; Derlan, Chelsea L. ; Edenberg, Howard ; Nurnberger, John ; Kramer, John R. ; Bucholz, Kathleen K. ; Salvatore, Jessica E. ; Dick, Danielle M. / Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence Symptoms and Parenting on Adolescent Risky Drinking and Conduct Problems : A Family Systems Perspective. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2018.
@article{1e4439e5701c40cc99552e178907d200,
title = "Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence Symptoms and Parenting on Adolescent Risky Drinking and Conduct Problems: A Family Systems Perspective",
abstract = "Background: Parental alcohol problems are associated with adverse adolescent outcomes such as risky drinking and conduct problems. Important questions remain about the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems and differences and/or similarities in pathways of risk across ethnicity and gender. In this study, we used a family systems approach to consider spillover and crossover effects of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems (number of alcohol dependence symptoms [ADS]) and parenting behaviors in relation to adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems. Methods: The sample included 1,282 adolescents (aged 12 to 17) and their parents from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Parents completed the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), and adolescents completed an adolescent version of SSAGA. Data were analyzed using multivariate structural equation modeling. Results: Fathers' ADS count was associated with higher adolescent risky drinking and conduct problems indirectly via disruption to fathers' and mothers' positive parenting behaviors, whereas mothers' ADS count was not associated with adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems directly or indirectly via positive parenting behaviors. No differences in these associations were found across ethnic background and offspring gender. Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of considering the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' ADS in influencing family processes and adolescent outcomes.",
keywords = "Alcohol Dependence, Conduct Problems, Externalizing, Parenting, Risky Drinking",
author = "Jinni Su and Kuo, {Sally I.Chun} and Fazil Aliev and Guy, {Mignonne C.} and Derlan, {Chelsea L.} and Howard Edenberg and John Nurnberger and Kramer, {John R.} and Bucholz, {Kathleen K.} and Salvatore, {Jessica E.} and Dick, {Danielle M.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/acer.13827",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research",
issn = "0145-6008",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence Symptoms and Parenting on Adolescent Risky Drinking and Conduct Problems

T2 - A Family Systems Perspective

AU - Su, Jinni

AU - Kuo, Sally I.Chun

AU - Aliev, Fazil

AU - Guy, Mignonne C.

AU - Derlan, Chelsea L.

AU - Edenberg, Howard

AU - Nurnberger, John

AU - Kramer, John R.

AU - Bucholz, Kathleen K.

AU - Salvatore, Jessica E.

AU - Dick, Danielle M.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background: Parental alcohol problems are associated with adverse adolescent outcomes such as risky drinking and conduct problems. Important questions remain about the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems and differences and/or similarities in pathways of risk across ethnicity and gender. In this study, we used a family systems approach to consider spillover and crossover effects of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems (number of alcohol dependence symptoms [ADS]) and parenting behaviors in relation to adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems. Methods: The sample included 1,282 adolescents (aged 12 to 17) and their parents from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Parents completed the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), and adolescents completed an adolescent version of SSAGA. Data were analyzed using multivariate structural equation modeling. Results: Fathers' ADS count was associated with higher adolescent risky drinking and conduct problems indirectly via disruption to fathers' and mothers' positive parenting behaviors, whereas mothers' ADS count was not associated with adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems directly or indirectly via positive parenting behaviors. No differences in these associations were found across ethnic background and offspring gender. Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of considering the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' ADS in influencing family processes and adolescent outcomes.

AB - Background: Parental alcohol problems are associated with adverse adolescent outcomes such as risky drinking and conduct problems. Important questions remain about the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems and differences and/or similarities in pathways of risk across ethnicity and gender. In this study, we used a family systems approach to consider spillover and crossover effects of fathers' and mothers' alcohol problems (number of alcohol dependence symptoms [ADS]) and parenting behaviors in relation to adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems. Methods: The sample included 1,282 adolescents (aged 12 to 17) and their parents from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Parents completed the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), and adolescents completed an adolescent version of SSAGA. Data were analyzed using multivariate structural equation modeling. Results: Fathers' ADS count was associated with higher adolescent risky drinking and conduct problems indirectly via disruption to fathers' and mothers' positive parenting behaviors, whereas mothers' ADS count was not associated with adolescents' risky drinking and conduct problems directly or indirectly via positive parenting behaviors. No differences in these associations were found across ethnic background and offspring gender. Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of considering the unique roles of fathers' and mothers' ADS in influencing family processes and adolescent outcomes.

KW - Alcohol Dependence

KW - Conduct Problems

KW - Externalizing

KW - Parenting

KW - Risky Drinking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050588041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85050588041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/acer.13827

DO - 10.1111/acer.13827

M3 - Article

C2 - 29969154

AN - SCOPUS:85050588041

JO - Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

JF - Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

SN - 0145-6008

ER -