The endotoxin-resistant strain of mouse, C3H/Hej, was assessed for hematological responsiveness to multiple injections of high dosages of purified recombinant human macrophage colony stimulating factor (rhu-M-CSF). Mice were administered the rhu M-CSF i.p. at dosages of 40 micrograms per injection, 2 or 3 times per day for 4 days. This resulted in significant increases in circulating leukocytes compared to control mice given sterile pyrogen-free saline. Assessment of the marrow and spleen of these mice on the 5th day noted a significant reduction in the numbers of marrow hematopoietic progenitor cells, with no change in their cycling rates. In contrast, splenic granulocyte-macrophage and erythroid progenitor cell numbers were markedly increased and the cycling rates of these progenitors plus those of multipotential progenitors were significantly enhanced. Marrow and splenic early myeloid cells (blasts, promyelocytes, and myelocytes) and macrophages were increased, while marrow and splenic PMN were decreased. The results suggest that multiple injections of high dosages of rhu-M-CSF to previously untreated mice for a short period of time has a modest enhancing effect on blood leukocyte levels. This is associated with a shift of hematopoietic cell activity from the marrow to the spleen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
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