Influence of T-lymphocytes and lactoferrin on the survival-promoting effects of IL-1 and IL-6 on human bone marrow granulocyte-macrophage and erythroid progenitor cells

G. Hangoc, J. H.F. Falkenburg, H. E. Broxmeyer

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15 Scopus citations


Purified recombinant human (rhu) interleukin (IL)-1α, rhuIL-6, iron saturated lactoferrin (LF), and T-lymphocytes were assessed for their effects on the survival of granulocyte-macrophage (granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units, CFU-GM) and erythroid (erythroid burst-forming units, BFU-E) progenitor cells from human low-density (LD) and nonadherent LD T-lymphocyte-depleted (NALT-) bone marrow (BM) cells. Colony-stimulating factor (CSF) deprivation studies showed that 10 ng/ml IL-1α could promote the survival of CFU-GM and BFU-E from NALT- BM cells. Concentrations of 1 ng/ml IL-1α and 1-100 ng/ml IL-6 alone could not promote progenitor cell survival from NALT- BM cells; however, concentrations of 1 ng/ml each of IL-1α and IL-6 could synergize to promote the survival of CFU-GM but not of BFU-E. The combination of these low concentrations of IL-1α and IL-6 could, however, support the survival of BFU-E in the presence of purified T-lymphocytes. LF could decrease the survival of CFU-GM and BFU-E from LD but not from NALT- BM cells, apparently due to the inhibition of IL-1 release from monocytes in this cell population. The suppressive effect of LF on the survival of those progenitor cells was abolished by concentrations of 10 ng/ml IL-1 α or 1 ng/ml each of IL-1α and IL-6. These results demonstrate that the survival of human marrow CFU-GM and BFU-E can be influenced by IL-1, IL-6, LF, and T-lymphocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-703
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 23 1991



  • BFU-E
  • CFU-GM
  • IL-1
  • IL-6
  • T-lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Transplantation

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