Influence of zirconia surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength after cyclic loading

Atsushi Nishigori, Takamitsu Yoshida, Marco C. Bottino, Jeffrey Platt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Statement of problem. The influence of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength after cyclic loading is not fully understood.

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength and cyclic loading on the shear bond strength between the 2 materials.

Material and methods. A total of 48 cylinder-shaped yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal specimens were fabricated with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), sintered for 8 hours at 1500°C, ground with 320-grit diamond paper, and divided into 4 groups (n=12) according to surface treatment as follows: no treatment/control; heat treatment of 650°C to 1000°C at 55°C/min; airborne-particle abrasion with 50-μm alumina at 0.4 MPa pressure for 10 seconds; or heat treatment after abrasion. A veneering porcelain cylinder was built and fired on the prepared yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal specimens. The shear bond strength was tested with a universal testing machine. Six specimens from each group were subjected to cyclic loading (10 000 cycles, 1.5 Hz, 10 N load) before testing.

Results. The mean ±SD ranged from 10.7 ±15.4 to 34.1 ±10.0. Three-way ANOVA found no statistically significant (P>.05) effect of surface treatment and cyclic loading on shear bond strength. The Sidak multiple comparisons procedure found that cyclic loading specimens had significantly lower shear bond strength than noncyclic loading specimens after airborne-particle abrasion without heat treatment (P=.013).

Conclusions. Within the limitations of this study, the shear bond strength between yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal and veneering porcelain was not significantly affected by surface treatment. Airborne-particle abrasion without subsequent heat treatment should be avoided as a surface treatment in fabrication methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1392-1398
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Volume112
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

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Shear Strength
Dental Porcelain
Hot Temperature
Computer-Aided Design
Diamond
Aluminum Oxide
zirconium oxide
Analysis of Variance
yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia
Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

Influence of zirconia surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength after cyclic loading. / Nishigori, Atsushi; Yoshida, Takamitsu; Bottino, Marco C.; Platt, Jeffrey.

In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Vol. 112, No. 6, 01.12.2014, p. 1392-1398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishigori, Atsushi ; Yoshida, Takamitsu ; Bottino, Marco C. ; Platt, Jeffrey. / Influence of zirconia surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength after cyclic loading. In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2014 ; Vol. 112, No. 6. pp. 1392-1398.
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abstract = "Statement of problem. The influence of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength after cyclic loading is not fully understood.Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength and cyclic loading on the shear bond strength between the 2 materials.Material and methods. A total of 48 cylinder-shaped yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal specimens were fabricated with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), sintered for 8 hours at 1500°C, ground with 320-grit diamond paper, and divided into 4 groups (n=12) according to surface treatment as follows: no treatment/control; heat treatment of 650°C to 1000°C at 55°C/min; airborne-particle abrasion with 50-μm alumina at 0.4 MPa pressure for 10 seconds; or heat treatment after abrasion. A veneering porcelain cylinder was built and fired on the prepared yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal specimens. The shear bond strength was tested with a universal testing machine. Six specimens from each group were subjected to cyclic loading (10 000 cycles, 1.5 Hz, 10 N load) before testing.Results. The mean ±SD ranged from 10.7 ±15.4 to 34.1 ±10.0. Three-way ANOVA found no statistically significant (P>.05) effect of surface treatment and cyclic loading on shear bond strength. The Sidak multiple comparisons procedure found that cyclic loading specimens had significantly lower shear bond strength than noncyclic loading specimens after airborne-particle abrasion without heat treatment (P=.013).Conclusions. Within the limitations of this study, the shear bond strength between yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal and veneering porcelain was not significantly affected by surface treatment. Airborne-particle abrasion without subsequent heat treatment should be avoided as a surface treatment in fabrication methods.",
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N2 - Statement of problem. The influence of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength after cyclic loading is not fully understood.Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surface treatment on veneering porcelain shear bond strength and cyclic loading on the shear bond strength between the 2 materials.Material and methods. A total of 48 cylinder-shaped yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal specimens were fabricated with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), sintered for 8 hours at 1500°C, ground with 320-grit diamond paper, and divided into 4 groups (n=12) according to surface treatment as follows: no treatment/control; heat treatment of 650°C to 1000°C at 55°C/min; airborne-particle abrasion with 50-μm alumina at 0.4 MPa pressure for 10 seconds; or heat treatment after abrasion. A veneering porcelain cylinder was built and fired on the prepared yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal specimens. The shear bond strength was tested with a universal testing machine. Six specimens from each group were subjected to cyclic loading (10 000 cycles, 1.5 Hz, 10 N load) before testing.Results. The mean ±SD ranged from 10.7 ±15.4 to 34.1 ±10.0. Three-way ANOVA found no statistically significant (P>.05) effect of surface treatment and cyclic loading on shear bond strength. The Sidak multiple comparisons procedure found that cyclic loading specimens had significantly lower shear bond strength than noncyclic loading specimens after airborne-particle abrasion without heat treatment (P=.013).Conclusions. Within the limitations of this study, the shear bond strength between yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal and veneering porcelain was not significantly affected by surface treatment. Airborne-particle abrasion without subsequent heat treatment should be avoided as a surface treatment in fabrication methods.

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