Information-processing skills of deaf children with cochlear implants: Some new process measures of performance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent findings on learning, memory and cognitive processes in deaf children following cochlear implantation are reviewed. The contribution of demographic factors is discussed and the results of several studies using “process” measures of performance are presented. In the first study, results from an investigation of the “Stars” showed that the exceptionally good implant users differed from the low performers in several important ways reflecting their ability to rapidly encode sound patterns into phonological representations. In the second set of studies, several new measures of information-processing performance are reported. Speaking rate, a measure shown in other populations to correlate well with an individual's verbal rehearsal speed for items in immediate memory was found to be strongly correlated with measures of a child's immediate memory capacity as well as open-set spoken word recognition scores. Additional evidence revealed atypical reproductive memory spans for auditory as well as visual sequences. Deaf children with cochlear implants also showed less benefit from simple repetition of a familiar sequence than age-matched normal-hearing children. Variation in children's success with cochlear implants reflects differences in the operation of elementary information-processing skills used in a wide range of language-processing tasks that draw on phonological coding and verbal rehearsal processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-287
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Congress Series
Volume1273
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

Fingerprint

Process Assessment (Health Care)
Cochlear Implants
Automatic Data Processing
Short-Term Memory
Cochlear Implantation
Aptitude
Hearing
Language
Demography
Learning
Population

Keywords

  • Cochlear implants
  • Phonological-processing skills
  • Sequence memory
  • Speech perception
  • Verbal rehearsal
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Information-processing skills of deaf children with cochlear implants : Some new process measures of performance. / Pisoni, David.

In: International Congress Series, Vol. 1273, No. C, 01.11.2004, p. 283-287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1e4117412d03400dafa26179805a977b,
title = "Information-processing skills of deaf children with cochlear implants: Some new process measures of performance",
abstract = "Recent findings on learning, memory and cognitive processes in deaf children following cochlear implantation are reviewed. The contribution of demographic factors is discussed and the results of several studies using “process” measures of performance are presented. In the first study, results from an investigation of the “Stars” showed that the exceptionally good implant users differed from the low performers in several important ways reflecting their ability to rapidly encode sound patterns into phonological representations. In the second set of studies, several new measures of information-processing performance are reported. Speaking rate, a measure shown in other populations to correlate well with an individual's verbal rehearsal speed for items in immediate memory was found to be strongly correlated with measures of a child's immediate memory capacity as well as open-set spoken word recognition scores. Additional evidence revealed atypical reproductive memory spans for auditory as well as visual sequences. Deaf children with cochlear implants also showed less benefit from simple repetition of a familiar sequence than age-matched normal-hearing children. Variation in children's success with cochlear implants reflects differences in the operation of elementary information-processing skills used in a wide range of language-processing tasks that draw on phonological coding and verbal rehearsal processes.",
keywords = "Cochlear implants, Phonological-processing skills, Sequence memory, Speech perception, Verbal rehearsal, Working memory",
author = "David Pisoni",
year = "2004",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ics.2004.08.027",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1273",
pages = "283--287",
journal = "International Congress Series",
issn = "0531-5131",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "C",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Information-processing skills of deaf children with cochlear implants

T2 - Some new process measures of performance

AU - Pisoni, David

PY - 2004/11/1

Y1 - 2004/11/1

N2 - Recent findings on learning, memory and cognitive processes in deaf children following cochlear implantation are reviewed. The contribution of demographic factors is discussed and the results of several studies using “process” measures of performance are presented. In the first study, results from an investigation of the “Stars” showed that the exceptionally good implant users differed from the low performers in several important ways reflecting their ability to rapidly encode sound patterns into phonological representations. In the second set of studies, several new measures of information-processing performance are reported. Speaking rate, a measure shown in other populations to correlate well with an individual's verbal rehearsal speed for items in immediate memory was found to be strongly correlated with measures of a child's immediate memory capacity as well as open-set spoken word recognition scores. Additional evidence revealed atypical reproductive memory spans for auditory as well as visual sequences. Deaf children with cochlear implants also showed less benefit from simple repetition of a familiar sequence than age-matched normal-hearing children. Variation in children's success with cochlear implants reflects differences in the operation of elementary information-processing skills used in a wide range of language-processing tasks that draw on phonological coding and verbal rehearsal processes.

AB - Recent findings on learning, memory and cognitive processes in deaf children following cochlear implantation are reviewed. The contribution of demographic factors is discussed and the results of several studies using “process” measures of performance are presented. In the first study, results from an investigation of the “Stars” showed that the exceptionally good implant users differed from the low performers in several important ways reflecting their ability to rapidly encode sound patterns into phonological representations. In the second set of studies, several new measures of information-processing performance are reported. Speaking rate, a measure shown in other populations to correlate well with an individual's verbal rehearsal speed for items in immediate memory was found to be strongly correlated with measures of a child's immediate memory capacity as well as open-set spoken word recognition scores. Additional evidence revealed atypical reproductive memory spans for auditory as well as visual sequences. Deaf children with cochlear implants also showed less benefit from simple repetition of a familiar sequence than age-matched normal-hearing children. Variation in children's success with cochlear implants reflects differences in the operation of elementary information-processing skills used in a wide range of language-processing tasks that draw on phonological coding and verbal rehearsal processes.

KW - Cochlear implants

KW - Phonological-processing skills

KW - Sequence memory

KW - Speech perception

KW - Verbal rehearsal

KW - Working memory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=66149127617&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=66149127617&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ics.2004.08.027

DO - 10.1016/j.ics.2004.08.027

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:66149127617

VL - 1273

SP - 283

EP - 287

JO - International Congress Series

JF - International Congress Series

SN - 0531-5131

IS - C

ER -