Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is a member of the immediate early gene family, which is expressed in mitogen-stimulated quiescent fibroblasts. The biological effects of CSF-1 are multifaceted and include stimulation of the proliferation and differentiation of myeloid progenitors and activity of circulating monocytes and tissue-specific macrophages. Ablation of circulating levels of biologically active CSF-1 in mice leads to osteope-trosis and sterility, thus implicating a role for CSF-1 in bone remodeling and implantation. Identification of regulatory elements and cognate transcription factors that bind the csf-1 promoter and mediate such diverse expression patterns is of great interest. We identified a sequence element at -273 to -265 (relative to the transcription initiation site) in the murine csf-1 promoter, which contains overlapping consensus sequences for the Wilms' tumor protein (WT1), EGR-1, SP1, and SP3 proteins. WT1 and EGR-1 proteins produced in vitro bound to this sequence, and co-transfection of wt1 with a csf-1-cat reporter plasmid resulted in repression of promoter activity. Interestingly, nuclear extracts prepared from serum-stimulated C3H10T1/2 cells contained predominantly SP1 and SP3 binding activities, which recognized the -273 to -265 site. Thus repression of the csf-1 promoter by WT1 at this site may involve competition between SP1 family transcriptional activators and the WT1 repressor. Colony-stimulating factor-1 may be a physiologically relevant target gene for regulation by the WT1 transcription factor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology