Benzoic acid, p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid, and a structurally related hypolipidemic agent SC-33459 were found to inhibit glucose synthesis by hepatocytes isolated from 48-h fasted rats as well as fatty acid synthesis by hepatocytes isolated from meal-fed rats. Glucose synthesis was less sensitive than fatty acid synthesis. Benzoic acid was the least effective inhibitor of both processes; SC-33459 and p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid were very potent inhibitors with similar efficacy. Glycine prevented the inhibition of fatty acid synthesis caused by benzoic acid, but had no effect on that caused by p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid. Octanoate opposed the inhibitory effects of both benzoic acid and p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid. Oxidation of [1-14C]oleate to ketone bodies and acid-soluble radioactive products was inhibited by both p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid and SC-33459. Preincubation of hepatocytes with SC-33459 was required for the latter effect, suggesting catabolism of this compound may be involved. SC-33459 is a p-tert.-butylphenyl derivative which should be readily converted to p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid by β oxidation. Both p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid and SC-33459 decreased citrate levels dramatically. All three compounds reduced CoA and acetyl-CoA levels and increased medium-chain acyl-CoA ester levels. p-tert.-Butylbenzoic acid and SC-33459 also increased long-chain acyl-CoA ester levels. The increase in medium-chain acyl-CoA levels presumably reflects benzoyl-CoA formation from benzoic acid and p-tert.-butylbenzoyl-CoA formation from p-tert.-butylbenzoic acid and SC-33459. Inhibition of glucose and fatty acid synthesis by these compounds may be due to effects on specific enzymes or to CoA sequestration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology