Inhibition of Pneumocystis dihydrofolate reductase by analogs of pyrimethamine, methotrexate and trimetrexate.

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Dihydrofolate reductase was obtained from Pneumocystis carinii isolated from heavily infected lungs of female Sprague-Dawley rats infected by transtracheal inoculation. The enzyme differed significantly from other forms of dihydrofolate reductase in response to KCl and to antifolate drugs. Dihydrofolate reductase from P. carinii was used to assess activity of analogs of pyrimethamine, methotrexate, and trimetrexate. One pyrimethamine analog was selective for P. carinii dihydrofolate reductase; potency was in the micromolar range. In contrast, 21 methotrexate analogs and 2 trimetrexate analogs were selective for P. carinii dihydrofolate reductase; potencies for these were in the nanomolar range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154S-157S
JournalThe Journal of protozoology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology

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