The antitumor activity of l-asparagine amidohydrolases (EC 18.104.22.168) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and H37Ra strains has been tested on Yoshida ascites sarcoma in rats. The enzyme specific to M. tuberculosis H37Ra but not to H37Rv has proved to be effective in inhibiting the growth of the sarcoma. Comparative studies on the activity of this enzyme with that of similar enzyme from Escherichia coli B, has shown that at the same levels the former is more effective than the latter. Long-lived immunity to this tumor in A/IISc Wistar rats following treatment of tumor bearing animals with M. tuberculosis H37Ra, pH 9.6 l-asparaginase has been observed. Immunity in these rats was demonstrated by tumor rejection and detection of humoral antibodies in the sera to the antigen of the cell-free extract of the tumor. The enzyme was ineffective in inhibiting fibrosarcoma in mice at the dose levels tested.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology