Nonphysiological sensing by a pacing and defibrillation electrode may result in inappropriate defibrillator discharges and/or inhibition of pacing. Active-fixation electrodes may be more likely to sense diaphragmatic myopotentials because of the protrusion of the screw for fixation. In addition, the movement of the fixation screw in an integrated bipolar lead system could also result in inappropriate sensing. This may be increasingly important in patients who are pacemaker dependent because the dynamic range of the autogain feature of these devices is much more narrow. Five of 15 consecutive patients who received a CPI model 0154 or 0155 active-fixation defibrillation electrode with an ICD system (CPI Ventak A V3DR model 1831 or CPI Ventak VR model 1774 defibrillator) are described. In 2 of the 15 patients, nonphysiological sensing appearing to be diaphragmatic myopotentials resulted in inappropriate defibrillator discharges. Both patients were pacemaker dependent. Changes in the sensitivity from nominal to less sensitive prevented inappropriate discharges. In one patient, discreet nonphysiological sensed events with the electrogram suggestive of ventricular activation was noted at the time of implantation. This was completely eliminated by redeployment of the active-fixation lead in the inter-ventricular septum. In two other patients, discreet nonphysiological sensed events resulted in intermittent inhibition of ventricular pacing after implantation. These were still seen in the least sensitive autogain mode for ventricular amplitude. These were not seen on subsequent interrogation 1 month after implantation. Increased awareness of nonphysiological sensing is recommended. The CPI 0154 and 0155 leads seem to be particularly prone to this abnormality. Particular attention should be made when deploying an active-fixation screw for an integrated bipolar lead. This increased awareness is more important when a given individual is pacemaker dependent, which may warrant DFT testing in a least or less sensitive mode in these patients.
- Active fixation
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine