Institutional experience with the Zenith Fenestrated aortic stent graft

S. Keisin Wang, Ashley R. Gutwein, Alok K. Gupta, Gary Lemmon, Alan Sawchuk, Raghu Motaganahalli, Michael Murphy, Andres Fajardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The Zenith Fenestrated (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) aortic stent graft system was approved for commercial use by the Food and Drug Administration in April 2012. We report our single-center experience of 100 consecutive patients treated with the ZFEN platform from October 2012 to March 2017. Methods: A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) database at a tertiary care academic institution located in the Midwest United States was performed for descriptive analysis. All continuous variables are reported as a mean ± standard deviation and compared using two-sided Student t-tests. Categorical variables were compared using two-sided Fisher exact tests. Results: All but one of the procedures were elective in nature. Overall intraoperative characteristics included a mean blood loss (estimated blood loss) of 388 ± 385 mL, fluoroscopy time of 63 ± 30 minutes, radiation dose of 437 ± 272 rad, contrast material volume of 99 ± 36 mL, and operative time of 236 ± 87 minutes. Average number of visceral arteries stented was 2.1 ± 0.5. Technical success was achieved in 98% of the patients. Statistically significant (P < .05) improvement in estimated blood loss (2.1-fold) was observed in the second half of our series. Interestingly, no improvements were made in terms of fluoroscopy time, radiation exposure, contrast material use, or operative time. However, procedural difficulty increased in the last half by number of visceral arteries stented as a surrogate (1.9 vs 2.2; P < .05). Mean length of stay was 3.6 ± 4.3 days. Perioperative mortality at 30 days was 2%. Perioperative morbidity included a 5% incidence of any bowel ischemia, 1% of spinal cord ischemia, 3% of renal failure requiring hemodialysis, 1% of stroke, and 4% of myocardial infarction. Average follow-up was 1.7 ± 1.4 years. Reintervention during the follow-up phase was 20%. Of the 209 visceral arteries stented, we noted 6 instances of stent thrombosis, 6 of kinking or stenosis, and 1 of stent fracture in follow-up. Endoleak, most commonly type II, was present or could not be excluded in 15% of all FEVARs at last available computed tomography angiography. Conclusions: In our experience, FEVAR with the ZFEN system continues to be safe and effective. There is a significant rate of reintervention observed, and close monitoring is fundamental to maintaining good clinical results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Stents
Arteries
Fluoroscopy
Operative Time
Transplants
Contrast Media
Aneurysm
Spinal Cord Ischemia
Endoleak
Tertiary Healthcare
United States Food and Drug Administration
Renal Insufficiency
Renal Dialysis
Length of Stay
Pathologic Constriction
Thrombosis
Ischemia
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Databases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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Institutional experience with the Zenith Fenestrated aortic stent graft. / Wang, S. Keisin; Gutwein, Ashley R.; Gupta, Alok K.; Lemmon, Gary; Sawchuk, Alan; Motaganahalli, Raghu; Murphy, Michael; Fajardo, Andres.

In: Journal of Vascular Surgery, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: The Zenith Fenestrated (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) aortic stent graft system was approved for commercial use by the Food and Drug Administration in April 2012. We report our single-center experience of 100 consecutive patients treated with the ZFEN platform from October 2012 to March 2017. Methods: A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) database at a tertiary care academic institution located in the Midwest United States was performed for descriptive analysis. All continuous variables are reported as a mean ± standard deviation and compared using two-sided Student t-tests. Categorical variables were compared using two-sided Fisher exact tests. Results: All but one of the procedures were elective in nature. Overall intraoperative characteristics included a mean blood loss (estimated blood loss) of 388 ± 385 mL, fluoroscopy time of 63 ± 30 minutes, radiation dose of 437 ± 272 rad, contrast material volume of 99 ± 36 mL, and operative time of 236 ± 87 minutes. Average number of visceral arteries stented was 2.1 ± 0.5. Technical success was achieved in 98{\%} of the patients. Statistically significant (P < .05) improvement in estimated blood loss (2.1-fold) was observed in the second half of our series. Interestingly, no improvements were made in terms of fluoroscopy time, radiation exposure, contrast material use, or operative time. However, procedural difficulty increased in the last half by number of visceral arteries stented as a surrogate (1.9 vs 2.2; P < .05). Mean length of stay was 3.6 ± 4.3 days. Perioperative mortality at 30 days was 2{\%}. Perioperative morbidity included a 5{\%} incidence of any bowel ischemia, 1{\%} of spinal cord ischemia, 3{\%} of renal failure requiring hemodialysis, 1{\%} of stroke, and 4{\%} of myocardial infarction. Average follow-up was 1.7 ± 1.4 years. Reintervention during the follow-up phase was 20{\%}. Of the 209 visceral arteries stented, we noted 6 instances of stent thrombosis, 6 of kinking or stenosis, and 1 of stent fracture in follow-up. Endoleak, most commonly type II, was present or could not be excluded in 15{\%} of all FEVARs at last available computed tomography angiography. Conclusions: In our experience, FEVAR with the ZFEN system continues to be safe and effective. There is a significant rate of reintervention observed, and close monitoring is fundamental to maintaining good clinical results.",
author = "Wang, {S. Keisin} and Gutwein, {Ashley R.} and Gupta, {Alok K.} and Gary Lemmon and Alan Sawchuk and Raghu Motaganahalli and Michael Murphy and Andres Fajardo",
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T1 - Institutional experience with the Zenith Fenestrated aortic stent graft

AU - Wang, S. Keisin

AU - Gutwein, Ashley R.

AU - Gupta, Alok K.

AU - Lemmon, Gary

AU - Sawchuk, Alan

AU - Motaganahalli, Raghu

AU - Murphy, Michael

AU - Fajardo, Andres

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Objective: The Zenith Fenestrated (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) aortic stent graft system was approved for commercial use by the Food and Drug Administration in April 2012. We report our single-center experience of 100 consecutive patients treated with the ZFEN platform from October 2012 to March 2017. Methods: A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) database at a tertiary care academic institution located in the Midwest United States was performed for descriptive analysis. All continuous variables are reported as a mean ± standard deviation and compared using two-sided Student t-tests. Categorical variables were compared using two-sided Fisher exact tests. Results: All but one of the procedures were elective in nature. Overall intraoperative characteristics included a mean blood loss (estimated blood loss) of 388 ± 385 mL, fluoroscopy time of 63 ± 30 minutes, radiation dose of 437 ± 272 rad, contrast material volume of 99 ± 36 mL, and operative time of 236 ± 87 minutes. Average number of visceral arteries stented was 2.1 ± 0.5. Technical success was achieved in 98% of the patients. Statistically significant (P < .05) improvement in estimated blood loss (2.1-fold) was observed in the second half of our series. Interestingly, no improvements were made in terms of fluoroscopy time, radiation exposure, contrast material use, or operative time. However, procedural difficulty increased in the last half by number of visceral arteries stented as a surrogate (1.9 vs 2.2; P < .05). Mean length of stay was 3.6 ± 4.3 days. Perioperative mortality at 30 days was 2%. Perioperative morbidity included a 5% incidence of any bowel ischemia, 1% of spinal cord ischemia, 3% of renal failure requiring hemodialysis, 1% of stroke, and 4% of myocardial infarction. Average follow-up was 1.7 ± 1.4 years. Reintervention during the follow-up phase was 20%. Of the 209 visceral arteries stented, we noted 6 instances of stent thrombosis, 6 of kinking or stenosis, and 1 of stent fracture in follow-up. Endoleak, most commonly type II, was present or could not be excluded in 15% of all FEVARs at last available computed tomography angiography. Conclusions: In our experience, FEVAR with the ZFEN system continues to be safe and effective. There is a significant rate of reintervention observed, and close monitoring is fundamental to maintaining good clinical results.

AB - Objective: The Zenith Fenestrated (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) aortic stent graft system was approved for commercial use by the Food and Drug Administration in April 2012. We report our single-center experience of 100 consecutive patients treated with the ZFEN platform from October 2012 to March 2017. Methods: A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) database at a tertiary care academic institution located in the Midwest United States was performed for descriptive analysis. All continuous variables are reported as a mean ± standard deviation and compared using two-sided Student t-tests. Categorical variables were compared using two-sided Fisher exact tests. Results: All but one of the procedures were elective in nature. Overall intraoperative characteristics included a mean blood loss (estimated blood loss) of 388 ± 385 mL, fluoroscopy time of 63 ± 30 minutes, radiation dose of 437 ± 272 rad, contrast material volume of 99 ± 36 mL, and operative time of 236 ± 87 minutes. Average number of visceral arteries stented was 2.1 ± 0.5. Technical success was achieved in 98% of the patients. Statistically significant (P < .05) improvement in estimated blood loss (2.1-fold) was observed in the second half of our series. Interestingly, no improvements were made in terms of fluoroscopy time, radiation exposure, contrast material use, or operative time. However, procedural difficulty increased in the last half by number of visceral arteries stented as a surrogate (1.9 vs 2.2; P < .05). Mean length of stay was 3.6 ± 4.3 days. Perioperative mortality at 30 days was 2%. Perioperative morbidity included a 5% incidence of any bowel ischemia, 1% of spinal cord ischemia, 3% of renal failure requiring hemodialysis, 1% of stroke, and 4% of myocardial infarction. Average follow-up was 1.7 ± 1.4 years. Reintervention during the follow-up phase was 20%. Of the 209 visceral arteries stented, we noted 6 instances of stent thrombosis, 6 of kinking or stenosis, and 1 of stent fracture in follow-up. Endoleak, most commonly type II, was present or could not be excluded in 15% of all FEVARs at last available computed tomography angiography. Conclusions: In our experience, FEVAR with the ZFEN system continues to be safe and effective. There is a significant rate of reintervention observed, and close monitoring is fundamental to maintaining good clinical results.

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