The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of insulin and IGF-I on protein synthesis and translation initiation in C2C12 myotubes in nutrient-deprived Dulbecco's phosphate buffered saline (DPBS). The results showed that insulin and IGF-I increased protein synthesis by 62% and 35% respectively in DPBS, and the effect was not affected by rapamycin, but was blocked by LY294002. Insulin and IGF-I stimulated eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) binding protein (4EBP1) phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner, and the stimulation was independent of availability of external amino acids. Both LY294002 and rapamycin blocked the insulin and IGF-I-induced increases in 4EBP1 phosphorylation. The results also showed that insulin and IGF-I were able to stimulate PKB/Akt phosphorylation, glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3β phosphorylation and mTOR phosphorylation in DPBS. Insulin and IGF-I increased the amount of eIF4G associated with eIF4E in nutrient-deprived C2C12 myotubes. The amount of 4EBP1 associated with eIF4E was decreased after insulin or IGF-I stimulation. We conclude that in C2C12 myotubes, insulin and IGF-I may regulate protein synthesis and translation initiation independent of external amino acid supply via the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase-PKB/Akt-mTOR pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism