Human retinal endothelial cell (HREC) cultures of diabetic and non- diabetic origin were examined for the production of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-I receptor and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) using colloidal gold quantitative immunocytochemistry and quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR). The levels of immunoreactivity for IGF-I receptor and for four IGFBPs (IGFBP-1, -2, -3 and -5) were significantly increased in diabetic HREC cultures. Moreover, diabetic HREC cultures showed significantly less immunoreactivity for IGF-I and for IGFBP-4 as compared to non-diabetic HREC cultures. Message levels for IGF-I decreased two-fold in diabetic HREC and correlated with protein levels. Message levels for IGFBP-1, -2 and -5 increased 1.5-, 1.7- and 1.6-fold, respectively, in diabetic HREC and correlated with protein levels. However, the protein levels for IGF-I receptor and IGFBP-3 and -4 did not correlate with mRNA levels. There were no differences in mRNA levels for IGF-I receptor and IGFBP-3 and -4 between diabetic and non-diabetic HREC cultures, suggesting a post-transcriptional regulation of IGF-I receptor and the two IGFBPs. The net effect, however, supports enhanced IGF-I action in HREC cultures of diabetic origin which is an important cellular event in diabetic retinopathy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism