Insulin-like growth factors in the response to cerebral ischemia

Wei Hua Lee, James A. Clemens, Carolyn A. Bondy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factors-I and -II (IGF-I and -II) and their receptors are present in the central nervous system but their role in brain function is unknown. To elucidate this issue, we investigated the cellular pattern of expression for IGF-I and -II, their receptors, and binding proteins using in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry in the setting of experimental focal cortical ischemia. There was a striking increase in both IGF-I and IGF-II gene expression in the ischemic cerebral cortex, but the two mRNAs were found in different cell populations. IGF-I mRNA was localized in reactive astrocytes that also stained intensely for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). IGF-II mRNA and immunoreactivity were contained in activated macrophages, which were highly abundant in the infarct zone and also in the meninges, blood vessels, and choroid plexus of the ischemic brain. High levels of IGF binding protein 2 mRNA were colocalized with IGF-II in these activated macrophages. Type-I IGF receptor mRNA was widely distributed in the affected area and type-II IGF receptor mRNA was also widely expressed but was particularly concentrated in macrophages. These findings suggest that the IGFs are involved in the brain's inflammatory response to injury, with IGF-I expressed by reactive astrocytes and IGF-II by activated macrophages. Their function in this setting is still unknown, but appears likely to be linked to the increased metabolic requirements associated with active phagocytosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-43
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
Somatomedins
Brain Ischemia
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Messenger RNA
Macrophages
Astrocytes
Brain
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2
IGF Type 2 Receptor
Meninges
IGF Type 1 Receptor
Choroid Plexus
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Phagocytosis
Cerebral Cortex
In Situ Hybridization
Blood Vessels
Carrier Proteins
Ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

Insulin-like growth factors in the response to cerebral ischemia. / Lee, Wei Hua; Clemens, James A.; Bondy, Carolyn A.

In: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1992, p. 36-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Wei Hua ; Clemens, James A. ; Bondy, Carolyn A. / Insulin-like growth factors in the response to cerebral ischemia. In: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience. 1992 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 36-43.
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