It is well established that endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance go hand in hand. However, it is unclear whether endothelial dysfunction per se is sufficient to impair insulin-mediated glucose uptake. We have previously reported that 4 wk of administration of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 protease inhibitor indinavir to HIV-negative subjects induces endothelial dysfunction. Hence, we hypothesized that indinavir-induced endothelial dysfunction was associated with impaired insulin-mediated glucose disposal. We measured insulin-mediated glucose disposal at the level of the whole body, skeletal muscle, and vasculature by performing hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp, and vascular function studies, in a separate group of HIV-negative healthy nonobese subjects (n = 13) before and after 4 wk of daily oral indinavir. Four weeks of indinavir resulted in a 113 ± 29% (P < 0.01) reduction of endothelium-dependent vasodilation, consistent with our earlier findings. In addition, there was a significant impairment of insulin-mediated vasodilation (101 ± 14% before indinavir vs. 35 ± 15% after indinavir; P < 0.05). However, there was no significant change in insulin-mediated glucose disposal at the level of the whole body (8.9 ± 0.5 before indinavir vs. 8.5 ± 0.6 mg·kg -1·min-1 after indinavir; P = 0.4), or skeletal muscle. Furthermore, in a separate group of four HIV-negative healthy nonobese subjects, we found that 4 wk of indinavir has no sustained effect on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipose tissue. Thus our findings indicate that 1) endothelial dysfunction alone is insufficient to impair insulin-mediated glucose disposal, and 2) indinavir-induced endothelial dysfunction is likely due to a direct effect of the drug on the endothelium and is not coupled to the induction of insulin resistance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - Oct 6 2006|
- Glucose disposal
- Protease inhibitor
- Vascular function
ASJC Scopus subject areas