Integrating biopsychosocial and relationship-centered care into mainstream medical practice: A challenge that continues to produce positive results

Richard M. Frankel, Timothy Quill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations


Engel's (1977) biopsychosocial model was hailed as a breakthrough but criticized by some as being too complex, time-consuming, and difficult to master. Herman (1989) proposed an alternative "transitional" model that uses both biomedical and biopsychosocial frames. Here, the authors update applications of the biopsychosocial model since publication of their book, The Biopsychosocial Approach: Past, Present, Future in 2003.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalFamilies, Systems and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005



  • Interviewing skills
  • Mindful practice
  • Patient-centered care
  • Relationship-centered care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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