Overloaded skeletal muscle undergoes dramatic shifts in gene expression, which alter both the phenotype and mass. Molecular biology techniques employing both in vivo and in vitro hypertrophy models have demonstrated that mechanical forces can alter skeletal muscle gene regulation. This review's purpose is to support integrin-mediated signaling as a candidate for mechanical load-induced hypertrophy. Research quantifying components of the integrin-signaling pathway in overloaded skeletal muscle have been integrated with knowledge regarding integrins role during development and cardiac hypertrophy, with the hope of demonstrating the pathway's importance. The role of integrin signaling as an integrator of mechanical forces and growth factor signaling during hypertrophy is discussed. Specific components of integrin signaling, including focal adhesion kinase and low-molecular-weight GTPase Rho are mentioned as downstream targets of this signaling pathway. There is a need for additional mechanistic studies capable of providing a stronger linkage between integrin-mediated signaling and skeletal muscle hypertrophy; however, there appears to be abundant justification for this type of research.
- Focal adhesion kinase signaling
- Rho signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)