Intensity modulated radiation therapy with field rotation-a time-varying fractionation study

Delal Dink, Mark P. Langer, Ronald L. Rardin, Joseph F. Pekny, Gintaras V. Reklaitis, Behlul Saka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel mathematical approach to the beam selection problem in intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning. The approach allows more beams to be used over the course of therapy while limiting the number of beams required in any one session. In the proposed field rotation method, several sets of beams are interchanged throughout the treatment to allow a wider selection of beam angles than would be possible with fixed beam orientations. The choice of beamlet intensities and the number of identical fractions for each set are determined by a mixed integer linear program that controls jointly for the distribution per fraction and the cumulative dose distribution delivered to targets and critical structures. Trials showed the method allowed substantial increases in the dose objective and/or sparing of normal tissues while maintaining cumulative and fraction size limits. Trials for a head and neck site showed gains of 25%-35% in the objective (average tumor dose) and for a thoracic site gains were 7%-13%, depending on how strict the fraction size limits were set. The objective did not rise for a prostate site significantly, but the tolerance limits on normal tissues could be strengthened with the use of multiple beam sets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-154
Number of pages17
JournalHealth Care Management Science
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • Field rotation
  • Fractionation
  • IMRT
  • Optimization
  • Time-varying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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