The E6 oncoprotein of bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) can transform cells independently of p53 degradation. The precise mechanisms underlying this transformation are not yet completely understood. Here it is shown that BPV-1 E6 interacts with CBP/p300 in the same way as described for the E6 proteins of oncogenic human papillomaviruses. This interaction results in an inhibition of the transcriptional coactivator function of CBP/p300 required by p53 and probably by other transcription factors. The comparison of the CBP/p300-binding properties of BPV-1 E6 mutants previously characterized in transcription and transformation studies suggests (i) that the E6-CBP/p300 interaction may be necessary, but not sufficient, for cell transformation, and (ii) that the transcriptional activator function, inherent to the E6 protein, is not derived from forming a complex with CBP/p300.
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