Interactions of mammalian proteins with cisplatin-damaged DNA

John J. Turchi, Karen M. Henkels, Ingrid L. Hermanson, Steve M. Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have undertaken the systematic isolation and characterization of mammalian proteins which display an affinity for cisplatin-damaged DNA. Fractionation of human cell extracts has led to the identification of two classes of proteins. The first includes proteins that bind duplex DNA in the absence of cisplatin damage and retain their affinity for DNA in the presence of cisplatin-DNA adducts. The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) falls into this class. The inhibition of DNA-PK phosphorylation activity by cisplatin-damaged DNA has led to the hypothesis that cisplatin sensitization of mammalian cells to ionizing radiation may be mediated by DNA-PK. The second class of proteins identified are those which display a high relative affinity for cisplatin-damaged DNA and a low affinity for undamaged duplex DNA. Proteins that fall into this class include high mobility group 1 protein (HMG-1), replication protein A (RPA) and xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein (XPA). Each protein has been isolated and purified in the lab. The interaction of each protein with cisplatin-damaged DNA has been assessed in electrophoretic mobility shift assays. A series of DNA binding experiments suggests that RPA binds duplex DNA via denaturation and subsequent preferential binding to the undamaged DNA strand of the partial duplex. DNA substrates prepared with photo-reactive base analogs on either the damaged or undamaged DNA strand have also been employed to investigate the mechanism and specific protein-DNA interactions that occur as each protein binds to cisplatin-damaged DNA. Results suggest both damage and strand specificity for RPA and XPA binding cisplatin-damaged DNA. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume77
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cisplatin-damaged DNA
  • DNA
  • Mammalian proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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