Interactive effects of drinking history and impulsivity on college drinking

Zachary W. Adams, Richard Milich, Donald R. Lynam, Richard J. Charnigo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transition from adolescence into emerging adulthood is a critical developmental period for changes in alcohol use and drinking related problems. Prior research has identified a number of distinct developmental alcohol use trajectories, which appear to be differentially related to young adult drinking outcomes. Another correlate of alcohol use in early adulthood is impulsivity. The primary aim of this study was to examine the moderating role of impulsivity in the relation between patterns of past alcohol use and hazardous drinking during the first year of college. Participants (N. = 452; 49% male; mean age 18.5. years; 82% Caucasian) completed self-report measures during the first year of college, including retrospective alcohol use calendars, current alcohol use and drinking problems, and personality. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to identify groups with similar adolescent drinking history from retrospective, self-report. Four groups were identified: abstainers/very light users, late/moderate users, early/moderate users, and steep increase/heavy users. The abstainer/very light user group reported the lowest levels of alcohol use and problematic drinking in college; the steep increase/heavy use group reported the highest levels of alcohol use and problematic drinking. As predicted, the role of personality-specifically urgency, or emotion-based rash action-was strongest among moderate use groups. These findings may be helpful in guiding targeted prevention and intervention programs for alcohol use and abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2860-2867
Number of pages8
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • College students
  • Drinking trajectories
  • Impulsivity
  • Urgency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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