Interferon-inducible protein 10 and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α inhibit growth factor stimulation of Raf-1 kinase activity and protein synthesis in a human growth factor-dependent hematopoietic cell line

Susan M. Aronica, Charlie Mantel, Rene Gonin, Mark S. Marshall, Andreas Sarris, Scott Cooper, Nancy Hague, Xian Feng Zhang, Hal E. Broxmeyer

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30 Scopus citations


Stimulatory cytokines, including granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and steel factor (SLF), act in a synergistic manner to stimulate the growth of hematopoietic progenitor cells, an effect also demonstrated for the growth factor-dependent human hematopoietic cell line MO7e. While little is known about the mechanisms responsible for mediating synergistic interactions of cytokines, Raf-1, a component of the MAP kinase signaling pathway, is thought to play a role in the stimulatory response evoked by several cytokines, including SLF and GM-CSF. Interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) are members of the chemokine family of suppressive cytokines. Prior exposure of hematopoietic cells to chemokines, including IP-10 and MIP-1α, inhibits the synergistic action of growth factors on stimulating cell proliferation. We report that treatment of MO7e cells with the combination of GM-CSF and SLF directly stimulates statistically significant synergistic increases in the phosphorylation and activation of Raf-1 kinase, and in cellular protein synthesis levels. Pretreatment of MO7e cells with IP-10 or MIP-1α blocked synergistic growth factor action, resulting in statistically significant suppression of cell proliferation, protein synthesis, and Raf-1 phosphorylation and activation. IP-10 and MIP-1α treatment also evoked significant increases in intracellular cAMP levels. Pretreatment of cells with agents which serve to raise intracellular cAMP levels, or with cAMP analogs inhibited the synergistic actions of GM-CSF and SLF in a manner similar to IP-10 and MIP-1α. In addition, treatment of cells with a potent inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A blocked the suppressive action of MIP-1α and IP-10 on Raf-1 kinase activity and on MO7e cell proliferation. The ability of IP-10 and MIP-1α to antagonize the synergistic action of GM-CSF and SLF appears to involve inactivation of Raf-1 and the down-regulation of protein synthesis. Our findings suggest that both MIP-1α and IP-10 mediate their suppressive effects in MO7e cells by stimulating increases in cellular cAMP levels and activating protein kinase A, a mechanism we believe to be unique to these chemokines and not one applied to all growth suppressive members of the chemokine superfamily (for example, interleukin 8 and platelet factor 4).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21998-22007
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number37
StatePublished - Sep 15 1995


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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