Internal tandem duplication of Flt3 modulates chemotaxis and survival of hematopoietic cells by SDF1α but negatively regulates marrow homing in vivo

Seiji Fukuda, Louis M. Pelus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We have previously shown that Flt3 ligand (FL)/Flt3 signaling regulates hematopoietic cell migration by modulating the SDF1α/CXCR4 signaling pathway. Herein, we evaluated whether a functional interaction between SDF1α/CXCR4 signaling and internal tandem duplication (ITD) of Flt3 regulates aberrant hematopoietic survival. We also investigated molecular mechanisms responsible for enhanced migration to SDF1α as a result of ITD-Flt3 expression and whether ITD-Flt3 regulates hematopoietic cell trafficking. Methods: Hematopoietic progenitor cell survival was determined using marrow cells retrovirally expressing ITD-Flt3 and stimulated with SDF1α. Migration, to SDF1α adhesion to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and in vivo homing were determined using Ba/F3 cells expressing ITD-Flt3 and transfected with dominant negative (DN) H-Ras. Results: Addition of SDF1α significantly increased growth factor-independent proliferation of colony-forming unit granulocyte-macrophage induced by ITD-Flt3. Although a negative gradient of SDF1α inhibited migration regardless of the stimulation, a positive gradient of FL or ITD-Flt3 significantly increased cell migration even in the presence of a negative SDF1α gradient. Enhanced migration induced by ITD-Flt3 was inhibited by DN-H-Ras, whereas overexpression of a constitutive active form of H-Ras in wild-type Flt3-Ba/F3 cells significantly elevated migration to SDF1α. Despite enhanced migration to SDF1α, preincubation with FL or ITD-Flt3 overexpression significantly reduced homing of primary mouse bone marrow cells or Ba/F3 cells to bone marrow that was associated with significant reduction in adhesion to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and VLA4 expression. Conclusion: Our results suggest that functional interactions between Flt3 and SDF1α/CXCR4 regulate oncogenic proliferation and migration of hematopoietic cells, which is mediated by Ras, and that Flt3 signaling regulates hematopoietic cell trafficking in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1041-1051
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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