Purpose: The distinction of epidermoid cyst of the testis from teratoma is of critical importance because the former is benign and the latter is a malignant tumor that may have associated metastasis of either teratomatous or non - teratomatous germ cell tumor types. Chromosome 12p abnormalities are seen in the vast majority of testicular germ cell tumors of adults and are present in all histologic subtypes. In this study, we investigated the clinical utility of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of chromosome 12p abnormalities for distinguishing epidermoid cysts of the testis from pure mature teratoma. Experimental Design: Sixteen testicular epidermoid cysts and 17 testicular teratomas were investigated for isochromosome 12p [i(12p)] and 12p overrepresentation using interphase FISH analysis. Results: Neither i(12p) nor 12p overrepresentation were observed in 16 epidermoid cyst cases, whereas i(12p) was detected in 76% of teratomas and 12p overrepresentation was identified in 29% of teratomas. Overall, 88% of testicular teratomas had chromosome 12p abnormalities. Conclusions: FISH identification of i(12p) and/or 12p overrepresentation in routinely processed surgical specimens is a useful ancillary diagnostic tool in distinguishing testicular epidermoid cysts from teratoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research