Interplay between fluoride and abrasivity of dentifrices on dental erosion-abrasion

Anderson T. Hara, Carlos González-Cabezas, Jonathan Creeth, Madhu Parmar, George J. Eckert, Domenick T. Zero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Eroded teeth are more susceptible to toothbrushing wear than sound teeth. We tested the hypothesis that fluoride and abrasivity of dentifrices can interact, modulating the development of erosive-abrasive lesions. Methods: Human enamel and root dentin specimens were submitted to cycles of demineralization, remineralization and toothbrushing using six dentifrices formulated with three different abrasivity levels: low (L), medium (M) and high (H); with (+F) and without (-F) fluoride. Surface loss was quantified by optical profilometry and compared among groups (α = 0.05). Results: In dentin, it was ranked: L < M < H, for both +F and -F dentifrices. In enamel, +F dentifrices had similar results; however for -F formulations, M and H did not differ. Fluoride reduced surface loss in enamel, at all abrasive levels. In dentin, the same fluoride effect was observed but only for the low abrasive formulation. Conclusions: Both fluoride and abrasivity were important modulators of enamel surface loss, while abrasivity had a higher impact than fluoride on dentin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-785
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Abrasion
  • Dentifrice
  • Dentin
  • Enamel
  • Erosion
  • Fluoride
  • Toothbrush
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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