Interstrain differences in the development of pyometra after estrogen treatment of rats

Lisa Jane Brossia, Christopher Sean Roberts, Jennifer T. Lopez, Robert M. Bigsby, Joseph R. Dynlacht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


This case report describes the unanticipated development of pyometra in Brown Norway rats after treatment with estrogen. Sprague Dawley and Brown Norway rats were ovariectomized and randomly assigned to treatment groups (subcutaneous implantation of either a capsule containing 20 mg 17β-estradiol or an empty capsule, as a control). After irradiation of only the right eye, the rats were followed for several months in an attempt to determine the effects of estrogen on radiation cataractogenesis and investigate potential strain differences in this phenomenon. However, all Brown Norway rats that received estradiol treatment developed pyometra, whereas none the Sprague Dawley or control Brown Norway rats did. This case demonstrates the potential adverse effects of exogenous estrogen therapy, which are strain-specific in the rat. Caution should be taken when designing estrogen-related experiments involving Brown Norway rats and other potentially sensitive strains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-520
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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