The effect of direct sympathetic stimulation on intestinal muscle and submucosal-mucosal vasculatures was studied in the anesthetized rat. Blood flow was calculated from direct measurements of vessel diameter and red cell velocity. Stimulation at 4 Hz caused a slight reduction (4%) in muscle flow, but had no measurable effect on submucosal-mucosal flow; stimulation at 8 and 16 Hz caused muscle flow to decrease to 58.3 +/- 8.7% (SE) and 31 +/- 5.1%, respectively, of control flow, and mucosal flow, to 73 +/- 3.4% and 54.1 +/- 1.2%, respectively, of control flow. Calculations of muscle and mucosal vascular resistances from flows and microvascular pressures indicate that muscle resistance increased proportionately more than mucosal resistance at 4 and 8 Hz. However, during stimulation at 16 Hz, the mucosal resistance is only 55% of control, and muscle resistance is not significantly (P less than 0.05) different from control. Therefore, reduction of muscle and mucosal flows during 16-Hz stimulation must be caused by the intestinal arterioles and venules in series with these vasculatures.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)