Intracellular calcium dynamics and acetylcholine-induced triggered activity in the pulmonary veins of dogs with pacing-induced heart failure

Chung Chuan Chou, Bich Lien Nguyen, Alex Y. Tan, Po Cheng Chang, Hui Ling Lee, Fun Chung Lin, San Jou Yeh, Michael C. Fishbein, Shien Fong Lin, Delon Wu, Ming Shien Wen, Peng Sheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Heart failure increases autonomic nerve activities and changes intracellular calcium (Cai) dynamics. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that abnormal Cai dynamics are responsible for triggered activity in the pulmonary veins (PVs) during acetylcholine infusion in a canine model of heart failure. Methods: Simultaneous optical mapping of Cai and membrane potential was performed in isolated Langendorff-perfused PV-left atrial (LA) preparations from nine dogs with ventricular pacing-induced heart failure. Mapping was performed at baseline, during acetylcholine (1 μmol/L) infusion (N = 9), and during thapsigargin and ryanodine infusion (N = 6). Results: Acetylcholine abbreviated the action potential. In four tissues, long pauses were followed by elevated diastolic Cai, late phase 3 early afterdepolarizations, and atrial fibrillation (AF). The incidence of PV focal discharges during AF was increased by acetylcholine from 2.4 ± 0.6 beats/s (N = 4) to 6.5 ± 2.2 beats/s (N = 8; P = .003). PV focal discharge and PV-LA microreentry coexisted in 6 of 9 preparations. The spatial distribution of dominant frequency demonstrated a focal source pattern, with the highest dominant frequency areas colocalized with PV focal discharge sites in 35 (95%) of 37 cholinergic AF episodes (N = 8). Thapsigargin and ryanodine infusion eliminated focal discharges in 6 of 6 preparations and suppressed the inducibility of AF in 4 of 6 preparations. PVs with focal discharge have higher densities of parasympathetic nerves than do PVs without focal discharges (P = .01), and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive cells were present at the focal discharge sites. Conclusion: Cai dynamics are important in promoting triggered activity during acetylcholine infusion in PVs from pacing-induced heart failure. PV focal discharge sites have PAS-positive cells and high densities of parasympathetic nerves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1170-1177
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Atrium
  • Calcium
  • Fibrillation
  • Heart failure
  • Mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intracellular calcium dynamics and acetylcholine-induced triggered activity in the pulmonary veins of dogs with pacing-induced heart failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Chou, C. C., Nguyen, B. L., Tan, A. Y., Chang, P. C., Lee, H. L., Lin, F. C., Yeh, S. J., Fishbein, M. C., Lin, S. F., Wu, D., Wen, M. S., & Chen, P. S. (2008). Intracellular calcium dynamics and acetylcholine-induced triggered activity in the pulmonary veins of dogs with pacing-induced heart failure. Heart Rhythm, 5(8), 1170-1177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2008.04.009