Intracranial meningiomas: Factors that influence the development of cerebral edema after stereotactic radiosurgery and radiation therapy

John A. Kalapurakal, Craig L. Silverman, Naveed Akhtar, Douglas W. Laske, Leonard E. Braitman, Orrest B. Boyko, Patrick R.M. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate causative factors of cerebral edema after stereotactic radiosurgery or stereotactic radiation therapy in intracranial meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 43 adult patients with intracranial meningiomas, three received 13.5-18-Gy single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery; one received 19.8 Gy in three fractions, one received 42 Gy in six fractions, and 31 received 32-36 Gy in six to eight fractions of stereotactic radiation therapy; and seven received 45-54-Gy external-beam radiation with 20-28 Gy in five to seven fractions as concomitant stereotactic boosts. Brain edema was estimated by calculating the edema index. RESULTS: After irradiation, all 11 patients with parasagittal and four patients with nonparasagittal tumors developed worsening cerebral edema that necessitated the administration of steroids (P < .001). The statistically significant factors for the development of edema were parasagittal location, presence of pretreatment edema, sagittal sinus occlusion, and the use of more than 6 Gy per fraction. Five patients with parasagittal tumors developed life-threatening panhemispheric edema, which was fatal in one. The causative factors of panhemispheric edema were a large tumor, single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery, or use of more than 6 Gy per fraction. CONCLUSION: A smaller dose per fraction and aggressive use of steroids may help prevent life-threatening complications due to worsening edema.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-465
Number of pages5
JournalRadiology
Volume204
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1997

Keywords

  • Brain, edema
  • Brain, effects of irradiation on
  • Dosimetry
  • Meninges, neoplasms
  • Radiations, injurious effects, complications of therapeutic radiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Kalapurakal, J. A., Silverman, C. L., Akhtar, N., Laske, D. W., Braitman, L. E., Boyko, O. B., & Thomas, P. R. M. (1997). Intracranial meningiomas: Factors that influence the development of cerebral edema after stereotactic radiosurgery and radiation therapy. Radiology, 204(2), 461-465. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.204.2.9240536