Intraprocedural cleansing work during colonoscopy and achievable rates of adequate preparation in an open-access endoscopy unit

Margaret E. MacPhail, Kyle A. Hardacker, Ashish Tiwari, Krishna C. Vemulapalli, Douglas K. Rex

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Rates of adequate bowel preparation in the 60% to 80% range continue to be reported for colonoscopy. Objective: To describe the rate of adequate bowel preparation and intraprocedural work needed to achieve this rate in an open-access endoscopy unit. Universal split dosing and regimens tailored to medical predictors of inadequate preparation were used. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Academic hospital outpatient endoscopy unit and ambulatory surgery center. Patients: Outpatients undergoing colonoscopy. Interventions: Prospective assessment of preparation quality for colonoscopy during insertion and after intraprocedural cleansing in 525 patients. Main Outcome Measurements: Rates of adequate preparation and work required to improve cleansing quality. Work time for cleaning was measured with a stopwatch. Results: Adequate preparation to allow recommendation of standard screening or surveillance intervals was achieved in 96% of patients, including 6% for whom preparation was adequate only after intraprocedural cleansing work. The mean time for intraprocedural cleaning was 4.1 minutes and constituted 17% of total procedure time. Work time for cleaning and fluid volume injected increased when worse preparation grades were identified before cleaning. Limitations: Single-center study with low percentage (4%) of patients receiving Medicaid. Conclusion: An open-access unit using split-dose bowel cleansing preparations can achieve high rates of adequate bowel preparation for colonoscopy. Intraprocedural cleansing accounts for a substantial fraction of the total procedure time in colonoscopy and is an important contributor to high rates of adequate preparation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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