Serum amyloid A protein (SAA), a prominent component of the acute-phase response, is strongly expressed in developing and repairing kidneys and promotes tubulogenesis. Accordingly, we reprogrammed relatively undifferentiated NRK52E cells with the mouse SAA1.1 gene and transplanted SAA-positive and -negative cells into rats with acute renal failure. We found that SAA-positive cells accelerated renal recovery in three models of acute renal failure: gentamicin nephrotoxicity, cisplatin-mediated renal injury, and ischemia-reperfusion renal injury. The dramatic improvement of renal failure was demonstrable within 2 days, consistent with an early paracrine effect. However, abundant donor cells were also found integrated in the healing tubular architecture after 7 days. We conclude that infusions of SAA-positive cells promote renal recovery after acute renal failure and offer a potentially powerful and novel therapy of renal failure.
- Acute-phase response
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