Is the grass greener? Early results of the Nuss procedure

Scott Engum, Frederick Rescorla, Karen West, Thomas Rouse, L. R. Tres Scherer, Jay Grosfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Minimal access surgery (MIS, Nuss Procedure) is gaining acceptance rapidly as the preferred method for pectus excavatum repair. This shift in operative management has followed a single institution's evaluation of the procedure. This report describes an additional experience with the Nuss procedure. Methods: Twenty-one patients with pectus excavatum underwent repair by the Nuss Procedure. The patients ranged in age from 5 to 15 years (average, 8.2 years). There were 19 boys and 2 girls. Results: In 1 patient (age 5 years) the MIS procedure was aborted because of persistence of chest wall asymmetry. The other 20 patients had completion of their procedure without intraoperative complication. The operating times ranged from 45 to 90 minutes; however, there was an additional anesthetic set-up time (average, 45 minutes). All cases utilized a single support bar (11 to 17 inches). Patients underwent extubation in the operating room and were admitted to a ward bed with an epidural catheter in place for pain control a6d received intravenous analgesia. The hospital stay ranged from 4 to 11 days and averaged 4.9 days. Early postoperative complications included ileus (n = 1), bilateral pleural effusion (n = 2), atelectasis (n = 1), fungal dermatitis (n = 1), pneumothorax (n = 1), and flipped pectus bar (n = 2). Delayed complications included flipped pectus bar (n = 2), marked pectus carinatum requiring bar removal (n = 1), mild carinatum (n = 1), mild bar deviation (n = 1), progressive chest wall asymmetry (n = 3) with 1 requiring bar removal and open pectus repair, pleural effusion (n = 1), and chronic persistent pain requiring bar removal (n = 1). The length of follow-up is 3 to 20 months with an average of 12.3 months. Conclusions: The Nuss Procedure is quick, minimally invasive, and a technically easy method to learn; however, our data indicate there is a significant learning curve. Although previous reports suggest that few complications occur, we believe further assessment of patient selection regarding age, presence of connective tissue disorder, and severe chest wall asymmetry are still needed. Long-term follow up also will be required to assure both health professionals and the public that this is the procedure of choice for patients with pectus excavatum. Copyright (C) by W.B. Saunders Company.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-251
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Poaceae
Funnel Chest
Thoracic Wall
Pleural Effusion
Learning Curve
Pulmonary Atelectasis
Ileus
Intraoperative Complications
Dermatitis
Pneumothorax
Operating Rooms
Chronic Pain
Connective Tissue
Analgesia
Patient Selection
Anesthetics
Length of Stay
Catheters
Public Health
Pain

Keywords

  • Chest wall deformities
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Pectus excavatum
  • Thoracic abnormalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Engum, S., Rescorla, F., West, K., Rouse, T., Tres Scherer, L. R., & Grosfeld, J. (2000). Is the grass greener? Early results of the Nuss procedure. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 35(2), 246-251.

Is the grass greener? Early results of the Nuss procedure. / Engum, Scott; Rescorla, Frederick; West, Karen; Rouse, Thomas; Tres Scherer, L. R.; Grosfeld, Jay.

In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 35, No. 2, 02.2000, p. 246-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Engum, S, Rescorla, F, West, K, Rouse, T, Tres Scherer, LR & Grosfeld, J 2000, 'Is the grass greener? Early results of the Nuss procedure', Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 246-251.
Engum S, Rescorla F, West K, Rouse T, Tres Scherer LR, Grosfeld J. Is the grass greener? Early results of the Nuss procedure. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2000 Feb;35(2):246-251.
Engum, Scott ; Rescorla, Frederick ; West, Karen ; Rouse, Thomas ; Tres Scherer, L. R. ; Grosfeld, Jay. / Is the grass greener? Early results of the Nuss procedure. In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2000 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 246-251.
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abstract = "Background/Purpose: Minimal access surgery (MIS, Nuss Procedure) is gaining acceptance rapidly as the preferred method for pectus excavatum repair. This shift in operative management has followed a single institution's evaluation of the procedure. This report describes an additional experience with the Nuss procedure. Methods: Twenty-one patients with pectus excavatum underwent repair by the Nuss Procedure. The patients ranged in age from 5 to 15 years (average, 8.2 years). There were 19 boys and 2 girls. Results: In 1 patient (age 5 years) the MIS procedure was aborted because of persistence of chest wall asymmetry. The other 20 patients had completion of their procedure without intraoperative complication. The operating times ranged from 45 to 90 minutes; however, there was an additional anesthetic set-up time (average, 45 minutes). All cases utilized a single support bar (11 to 17 inches). Patients underwent extubation in the operating room and were admitted to a ward bed with an epidural catheter in place for pain control a6d received intravenous analgesia. The hospital stay ranged from 4 to 11 days and averaged 4.9 days. Early postoperative complications included ileus (n = 1), bilateral pleural effusion (n = 2), atelectasis (n = 1), fungal dermatitis (n = 1), pneumothorax (n = 1), and flipped pectus bar (n = 2). Delayed complications included flipped pectus bar (n = 2), marked pectus carinatum requiring bar removal (n = 1), mild carinatum (n = 1), mild bar deviation (n = 1), progressive chest wall asymmetry (n = 3) with 1 requiring bar removal and open pectus repair, pleural effusion (n = 1), and chronic persistent pain requiring bar removal (n = 1). The length of follow-up is 3 to 20 months with an average of 12.3 months. Conclusions: The Nuss Procedure is quick, minimally invasive, and a technically easy method to learn; however, our data indicate there is a significant learning curve. Although previous reports suggest that few complications occur, we believe further assessment of patient selection regarding age, presence of connective tissue disorder, and severe chest wall asymmetry are still needed. Long-term follow up also will be required to assure both health professionals and the public that this is the procedure of choice for patients with pectus excavatum. Copyright (C) by W.B. Saunders Company.",
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