Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to correlate the airway volume and maximum constriction area (MCA) with the type of dentofacial deformity in patients who required orthognathic surgery. Materials and Methods: The present retrospective cohort study included orthognathic surgery patients selected from the private practice of one of us. The selected cases were stratified into 5 different groups according to the clinical and cephalometric diagnosis of their dentofacial deformity. The preoperative airway volume and anatomic location of the MCA were calculated using the airway tool of the Dolphin Imaging software module (Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, CA) and correlated with the diagnosed dentofacial deformity. Differences in the pretreatment airway volumes and MCA location were compared among the deformities. Results: The MCA location was more often the nasopharynx for maxillary deficiency and the oropharynx for mandibular deficiency deformities. The nasopharynx volume was significantly smaller statistically (P <.005) for maxillary deficiency plus mandibular excess compared with mandibular deficiency. The hypopharynx volume was significantly smaller statistically (P <.005) for vertical maxillary excess plus mandibular deficiency than for both maxillary deficiency and maxillary deficiency plus mandibular excess. No statistically significant difference was found among the different deformity groups in relation to the mean airway volume (P >.005). Conclusions: The location of the airway MCA seems to have a strong correlation with the horizontal position of the maxilla and mandible. The MCA in maxillary deficiencies (isolated or combined) was in the nasopharynx, and the MCA in mandibular deficiencies (isolated or combined) was in the oropharynx. Clinicians should consider these anatomic findings when planning the location and magnitude of orthognathic surgery movements to optimize the outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery