Is there a role for prostate tumour overexpressed-1 in the diagnosis of HGPIN and of prostatic adenocarcinoma? A comparison with α-methylacyl CoA racemase

M. Scarpelli, R. Mazzucchelli, F. Barbisan, A. Santinelli, A. Lopez-Beltran, L. Cheng, Rodolfo Montironi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prostate Tumour Overexpressed-1 (PTOV1) was recently identified as a novel gene and protein during a differential display screening for genes overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCa). α-Methyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) mRNA was identified as being overexpressed in PCa. PTOV1 and racemase were immunohistochemically evaluated in PCa, high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN), atrophy and normal-looking epithelium (NEp) in 20 radical prostatectomies (RPs) with pT2a Gleason score 6 prostate cancer with the aim of analyzing the differences in marker expression between PTOV1 and AMACR. The level of expression of PTOV1 and AMACR increased from NEp and atrophy through HGPIN, away from and adjacent to prostate cancer, to PCa. With the ROC curve analysis the overall accuracy in distinguishing PCa vs HGPIN away from and adjacent to cancer was higher for AMACR than for PTOV1. In conclusion, AMACR can be considered a more accurate marker than PTOV1 in the identification of HGPIN and of PCa. However, PTOV1 may aid in the diagnosis of PCa, at least to supplement AMACR as another positive marker of carcinoma and to potentially increase diagnostic accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • α-methylacyl CoA racemase
  • Atrophy
  • High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate tumour overexpressed-1
  • PTOV1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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