Is there a sound basis for deciding how many dentists should be trained to meet the dental needs of the Canadian population? Systematic Review of Literature (1968-1999)

Gerardo Maupome, H. Jack Hann, Jeannine M. Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic review was conducted of the literature on human resources planning (HRP) in dentistry in Canada, critically assessing the scientific strength of 1968-1999 publications. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to 176 peer-reviewed publications and "grey literature" reports. Thirty papers were subsequently assessed for strength of design and relevance of evidence to objectively address HRP. Twelve papers were position statements or experts' reports not amenable for inclusion in the system. Of the remaining 18 papers, 4 were classified as projections from manpower-to- population ratios, 4 as dental practitioner opinion surveys, 8 as estimates of requisite demand to absorb current capacity and 2 as need-based, demand-weighted studies. Within the 30.5 years reviewed, 53.4% of papers were published between 1982 and 1987. Overall, many papers called for a reduction in human resources, a message that dominated HRP during the 1980s, or noted an increase in the demand for services. HRP publications often had questionable strength or analytic frameworks. The paradigm of busyness-scarcity evolved from a belief around an economic model for the profession into a fundamental tenet of HRP. A formal analysis to establish its existence beyond arbitrary dentist:population ratios has usually been lacking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-91
Number of pages5
JournalJournal (Canadian Dental Association)
Volume67
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dentists
Tooth
Population
Publications
Economic Models
Literature
Dentistry
Canada

Keywords

  • Canada
  • Dentists/supply and distribution
  • Health manpower

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

@article{829c934b390a476085e5d8a692521fb4,
title = "Is there a sound basis for deciding how many dentists should be trained to meet the dental needs of the Canadian population? Systematic Review of Literature (1968-1999)",
abstract = "A systematic review was conducted of the literature on human resources planning (HRP) in dentistry in Canada, critically assessing the scientific strength of 1968-1999 publications. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to 176 peer-reviewed publications and {"}grey literature{"} reports. Thirty papers were subsequently assessed for strength of design and relevance of evidence to objectively address HRP. Twelve papers were position statements or experts' reports not amenable for inclusion in the system. Of the remaining 18 papers, 4 were classified as projections from manpower-to- population ratios, 4 as dental practitioner opinion surveys, 8 as estimates of requisite demand to absorb current capacity and 2 as need-based, demand-weighted studies. Within the 30.5 years reviewed, 53.4{\%} of papers were published between 1982 and 1987. Overall, many papers called for a reduction in human resources, a message that dominated HRP during the 1980s, or noted an increase in the demand for services. HRP publications often had questionable strength or analytic frameworks. The paradigm of busyness-scarcity evolved from a belief around an economic model for the profession into a fundamental tenet of HRP. A formal analysis to establish its existence beyond arbitrary dentist:population ratios has usually been lacking.",
keywords = "Canada, Dentists/supply and distribution, Health manpower",
author = "Gerardo Maupome and Hann, {H. Jack} and Ray, {Jeannine M.}",
year = "2001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "67",
pages = "87--91",
journal = "Journal (Canadian Dental Association)",
issn = "1488-2159",
publisher = "Canadian Dental Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is there a sound basis for deciding how many dentists should be trained to meet the dental needs of the Canadian population? Systematic Review of Literature (1968-1999)

AU - Maupome, Gerardo

AU - Hann, H. Jack

AU - Ray, Jeannine M.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - A systematic review was conducted of the literature on human resources planning (HRP) in dentistry in Canada, critically assessing the scientific strength of 1968-1999 publications. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to 176 peer-reviewed publications and "grey literature" reports. Thirty papers were subsequently assessed for strength of design and relevance of evidence to objectively address HRP. Twelve papers were position statements or experts' reports not amenable for inclusion in the system. Of the remaining 18 papers, 4 were classified as projections from manpower-to- population ratios, 4 as dental practitioner opinion surveys, 8 as estimates of requisite demand to absorb current capacity and 2 as need-based, demand-weighted studies. Within the 30.5 years reviewed, 53.4% of papers were published between 1982 and 1987. Overall, many papers called for a reduction in human resources, a message that dominated HRP during the 1980s, or noted an increase in the demand for services. HRP publications often had questionable strength or analytic frameworks. The paradigm of busyness-scarcity evolved from a belief around an economic model for the profession into a fundamental tenet of HRP. A formal analysis to establish its existence beyond arbitrary dentist:population ratios has usually been lacking.

AB - A systematic review was conducted of the literature on human resources planning (HRP) in dentistry in Canada, critically assessing the scientific strength of 1968-1999 publications. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to 176 peer-reviewed publications and "grey literature" reports. Thirty papers were subsequently assessed for strength of design and relevance of evidence to objectively address HRP. Twelve papers were position statements or experts' reports not amenable for inclusion in the system. Of the remaining 18 papers, 4 were classified as projections from manpower-to- population ratios, 4 as dental practitioner opinion surveys, 8 as estimates of requisite demand to absorb current capacity and 2 as need-based, demand-weighted studies. Within the 30.5 years reviewed, 53.4% of papers were published between 1982 and 1987. Overall, many papers called for a reduction in human resources, a message that dominated HRP during the 1980s, or noted an increase in the demand for services. HRP publications often had questionable strength or analytic frameworks. The paradigm of busyness-scarcity evolved from a belief around an economic model for the profession into a fundamental tenet of HRP. A formal analysis to establish its existence beyond arbitrary dentist:population ratios has usually been lacking.

KW - Canada

KW - Dentists/supply and distribution

KW - Health manpower

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035259742&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035259742&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11253296

AN - SCOPUS:0035259742

VL - 67

SP - 87

EP - 91

JO - Journal (Canadian Dental Association)

JF - Journal (Canadian Dental Association)

SN - 1488-2159

IS - 2

ER -