Ischemic injury induces ADF relocalization to the apical domain of rat proximal tubule cells

Sharon L. Ashworth, Ruben M. Sandoval, Melanie Hosford, James R. Hamburg, Bruce A. Molitoris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations


Breakdown of proximal tubule cell apical membrane microvilli is an early-occurring hallmark of ischemic acute renal failure. Intracellular mechanisms responsible for these apical membrane changes remain unknown, but it is known that actin cytoskeleton alterations play a critical role in this cellular process. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that ischemia-induced cell injury resulted in dephosphorylation and activation of the actin-binding protein, actin depolymerizing factor [(ADF); Schwartz, N, Hosford M, Sandoval RM, Wagner MC, Atkinson SJ, Bamburg J, and Molitoris BA. Am J Physiol Renal Fluid Electrolyte Physiol 276: F544-F551, 1999]. Therefore, we postulated that ischemia-induced ADF relocalization from the cytoplasm to the apical microvillar microfilament core was an early event occurring before F-actin alterations. To directly investigate this hypothesis, we examined the intracellular localization of ADF in ischemic rat cortical tissues by immunofluorescence and quantified the concentration of ADF in brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from ischemic rat kidneys by using Western blot techniques. Within 5 min of the induction of ischemia, ADF relocalized to the apical membrane region. The length of ischemia correlated with the time-related increase in ADF in isolated brush-border membrane vesicles. Finally, depolymerization of microvillar F-actin to G-actin was documented by using colocalization studies for G- and F-actin. Collectively, these data indicate that ischemia induces ADF activation and relocalization to the apical domain before microvillar destruction. These data further suggest that ADF plays a critical role in microvillar microfilament destruction and apical membrane damage during ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F886-F894
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number5 49-5
StatePublished - May 2001


  • Actin cytoskeleton
  • Actin depolymerizing factor
  • Acute renal failure
  • Cofilin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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