Previous work has shown that incubation of heat-denatured plasma from the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss with porcine pancreatic kallikrein generates [Lys0,Trp5,Leu8]bradykinin (trout [Lys0] BK). We have now isolated a second BK-related peptide from kallikrein-treated trout plasma with the primary structure: Arg-Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Trp-Ser-Pro-Leu-Arg (trout [Arg0]BK). Bolus injections of both trout [Arg0]BK and [Lys0]BK (>100 pmol/kg) into the dorsal aorta of conscious trout produced multiphasic effects on arterial blood pressure. An initial pressor response of short duration (1-2 min) was followed by a fall in pressure (to below basal values in 11 out of 15 animals) and then by a sustained rise in pressure lasting up to 60 min. The maximum rise in pressure produced by trout [Arg0] BK (10 nmol/kg) was approximately one-fourth of the maximum rise produced by angiotensin II in the same animals. Intracerebroventricular injections of trout [Arg0]BK (500 pmol) into conscious trout had no effect on arterial blood pressure or heart rate. Trout [Arg0]BK did not affect the tension of vascular rings from trout efferent branchial and caeliacomesenteric arteries and anterior cardinal vein. Trout des [Arg9] BK had no effect on cardiovascular parameters, either in vivo or in vitro, indicating that the C-terminal arginine residue of the peptide is important in interaction with the trout kinin receptor(s).
- Cardiovascular regulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience