The mechanism by which mammalian cells acquire resistance to chemotherapeutic agents has been investigated by using molecular genetic techniques. LZ and C5, two independently derived multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster cell lines, share specific amplified DNA sequences. We demonstrate that commonly amplified DNA sequences reside in a contiguous domain of ≃120 kilobases (kb). We report the isolation of this DNA domain in cosmid clones and show that the level of amplification of the domain is correlated with the level of resistance in multidrug-resistant cell lines. The organization of the amplified domain was deduced by a unique approach utilizing in-gel hybridization of cloned DNA with amplified genomic DNA. We show that the entire cloned region is amplified in adriamycin-resistant LZ cells and independently derived, colchicine-resistant C5 cells. A mRNA species of ≃5 kb is encoded by a gene located within the boundaries of this region. Genomic sequences homologous to the 5-kb mRNA span over 75 kb of the amplified DNA segment. The level of expression of this mRNA in multidrug-resistant cells is correlated with the degree of gene amplification and the degree of drug resistance. Our results strongly suggest that the 5-kb mRNA species plays a role in the mechanism of multidrug resistance common to the LZ and C5 cell lines.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|
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