Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842-1910): His life and contributions to neuroanatomy: Historical vignette

Marios Loukas, Misha Shea, Cory Shea, Martine Lutter-Hoppenheim, Paula Zand, R. Shane Tubbs, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations


One hundred years after his death, Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard's name endures in the medical literature primarily because of his work on the anastomotic veins of the cerebral circulation. Specifically, and known to all neurosurgeons, the great anastomotic vein, or the vein of Trolard, underscores a portion of Trolard's contribution to neuroanatomy. The country of Algeria has also remembered this influential colonist because of his life's work as a physician, professor, humanitarian, environmentalist, and French nationalist. Trolard fought deforestation, injustice, epidemics, and bureaucracy in northern Africa and tragically died in the midst of these struggles. In this historical vignette, the authors review the life and contributions of this pioneer of early neuroanatomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1196
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010



  • Algeria
  • Cerebral circulation
  • Great anastomotic vein
  • Paulin Trolard
  • Vein of Trolard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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