Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere: From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care

Philip Kam Tao Li, Guillermo Garcia-Garcia, Siu Fai Lui, Sharon Andreoli, Winston Wing Shing Fung, Anne Hradsky, Latha Kumaraswami, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Ziyoda Rakhimova, Gamal Saadi, Luisa Strani, Ifeoma Ulasi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial


The global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is rapidly increasing with a projection of becoming the fifth most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Aggravatingly, CKD is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume up to 3% of the annual health care budget in high-income countries. Crucially, however, the onset and progression of CKD is often preventable. In 2020, the World Kidney Day campaign highlights the importance of preventive interventions—be it primary, secondary, or tertiary. This article complements this initiative by focusing on outlining and analyzing measures that can be implemented in every country to promote and advance CKD prevention. Primary prevention of kidney disease should focus on the modification of risk factors and addressing structural abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tracts, as well as exposure to environmental risk factors and nephrotoxins. In persons with preexisting kidney disease, secondary prevention, including blood pressure optimization and glycemic control, should be the main goal of education and clinical interventions. In patients with advanced CKD, management of comorbidities such as uremia and cardiovascular disease is a highly recommended preventative intervention to avoid or delay dialysis or kidney transplantation. Political efforts are needed to disseminate the preventive approach. While national policies and strategies for noncommunicable diseases might be present in a country, specific policies directed toward education and awareness about CKD screening, management, and treatment are often lacking. Hence, there is an urgent need to increase the awareness of the importance of preventive measures throughout populations, professionals, and policy makers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCanadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
StatePublished - 2020


  • awareness
  • detection
  • kidney diseases
  • prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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  • Cite this

    Li, P. K. T., Garcia-Garcia, G., Lui, S. F., Andreoli, S., Fung, W. W. S., Hradsky, A., Kumaraswami, L., Liakopoulos, V., Rakhimova, Z., Saadi, G., Strani, L., Ulasi, I., & Kalantar-Zadeh, K. (2020). Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere: From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease, 7.