The papillomavirus (PV) E2 protein is a DNA binding, protein interaction platform that recruits viral and host factors necessary for transcription and replication. We recently discovered phosphorylation of a tyrosine (Y102) in bovine PV (BPV) E2. To identify the responsible factor, we tested several candidate tyrosine kinases that are highly expressed in keratinocytes for binding to BPV-1 E2. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) coimmunoprecipitated with the BPV-1 E2 protein, as did human papillomavirus 31 (HPV-31) E2, which also colocalized with FGFR3 within the nucleus. A constitutively active mutant form of FGFR3 decreased BPV-1 and HPV-31 transient replication although this result also occurred in a BPV-1 E2 mutant lacking a previously identified phosphorylation site of interest (Y102). Furthermore, FGFR3 depletion in cell lines that maintain HPV-31 episomes increased viral copy number. These results suggest that FGFR3 kinase activity may regulate the PV reproductive program through phosphorylation of the E2 protein although this is unlikely to occur through the Y102 residue of HPV E2.
Kinase activity of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 regulates activity of the papillomavirus E2 protein. / Xie, Fang; DeSmet, Marsha; Kanginakudru, Sriramana; Jose, Leny; Culleton, Sara P.; Gilson, Timra; Li, Chengxin; Androphy, Elliot.In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 91, No. 20, e01066-17, 01.10.2017.
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