Full term placental chorionic villi cultured for 7 days in serum-free medium released hydrophilic folate-binding proteins (S-FBP(PCM)) into the conditioned medium; in contrast, hydrophobic FBPs were the only form recovered from chorionic villi. Kinetic studies revealed that (i) S-FBP(PCM) was maximally released by the 3rd day, and this was associated with a proportionate decrease in hydrophobic FBPs; (ii) although cycloheximide inhibited de novo synthesis of [35S]methionine-labeled hydrophobic FBPs and S-FBP(PCM) by >90%, unlabeled net S-FBP(PCM) release was only inhibited by 50%; (iii) EDTA markedly inhibited release of S-FBP(PCM) which was accompanied by a proportionate increase in hydrophobic FBPs; (iv) EDTA effects were completely reversed by 5-fold molar excesses of Mg2+ which led to a 50-fold greater release of S-FBP(PCM) compared to EDTA alone; (v) whereas Mg2+ alone stimulated S-FBP(PCM) release 4-fold greater than basal conditions, addition of cycloheximide to Mg2+ suppressed (by 4-fold) the expected increase observed with Mg2+ alone. Biochemical analyses of isolated S-FBP(PCM) revealed similarities to hydrophobic FBPs with respect to the ligand-binding domain and epitopes but differed in detergent-binding characteristics; furthermore, amino acid and carbohydrate analysis revealed a lower Mr = 25,500 with 12% carbohydrate. Based on kinetic analysis of S-FBP(PCM) release from chorionic villi-associated hydrophobic FBPs as well as structural analysis of S-FBP(PCM), these data continue to support the hypothesis that (α) a significant amount of maternal and probably fetal serum hydrophilic FBPs originate from placental hydrophobic FBPs, and (b) the endogenous hydrophobic FBP-directed Mg2+-dependent placental protease plays a major role in their release.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 23 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology