Kinetic response of human marrow myeloid progenitor cells to in vivo treatment of patients with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is different from the response to treatment with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

H. E. Broxmeyer, L. Benninger, S. R. Patel, R. S. Benjamin, S. Vadhan-Raj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations


We previously demonstrated that granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) induced sustained increases in cycling of myeloid progenitors in patients with sarcoma. However, decreased proliferation of these cells to a slow- or noncycling state, below pretreatment levels, occurred within 1 to 2 days and maintained for at least 1 week after discontinuation of GM-CSF. To assess possible biological differences in GM-CSF and granulocyte (G)-CSF in such kinetic effects, we evaluated cycling status of marrow progenitors before, during, and after administration of recombinant human G-CSF (5 μg/kg/d subcutaneously [s.c.]) to six patients with sarcoma for 8 days. On the last (8th) day of G-CSF treatment, cycling rates of colony-forming units- granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM), burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E), and multipotent colony-forming units (CFU-GEMM) were enhanced 1.5- to 1.9-fold, to values of 40 ± 10% to 58 ± 5%. In sharp contrast to patients receiving GM-CSF, however, progenitor cells from patients off G-CSF treatment for 2 to 4 days were still rapidly proliferating. These differences in proliferative kinetics may be of use for design of clinical trials to efficaciously utilize these growth factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-102
Number of pages3
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994



  • Clinical trials
  • G-CSF
  • GM-CSF
  • Progenitor cell cycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Transplantation

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