KIT and erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) mediated co-signaling is essential for normal erythroid cell expansion, however the intracellular signals that contribute to cooperative signaling are poorly understood. Here, we examined the role of intracellular tyrosine residues in KIT and EpoR cooperation by co-expressing tyrosine (Y) to phenylalanine (F) and deletion mutants of KIT and EpoR in 32D cells. Of the four EpoR mutants examined, only EpoR-Y343 induced proliferation to near wildtype EpoR levels. A modest increase in the growth was also observed in 32D cells expressing the EpoR-Y343F; however neither EpoR-W282R nor EpoR-F8 showed any increase in growth over baseline. Biochemical analysis revealed that EpoR-Y343 induced the activation of Stat5, PI-3Kinase/Akt and MAP kinase Erk1/2 to near wildtype EpoR levels, while the remaining mutants failed to activate any of these signals. Interestingly, none of the EpoR mutants cooperated with WT KIT, although EpoR-Y343 showed a modest increase in co-signaling. Loss of seven tyrosine residues in KIT (KIT-F7) completely abrogated EpoR induced co-signaling. Restoring the Src kinase binding sites in KIT-F7 alone or together with the PI3Kinase binding site restored KIT induced signals as well as co-signals with WT EpoR, although restoring the Src kinase binding sites along with the PLC-γ binding site repressed both KIT induced signaling as well as co-signaling with WT EpoR. Taken together, these results suggest that KIT and EpoR mediated co-signaling requires intracellular tyrosine residues and tyrosine residues that bind Src kinases in the KIT receptor appear to be sufficient for restoring both KIT signaling as well as co-signaling with EpoR. In contrast, restoration of the PLC-γ binding site in the context of Src binding sites appears to antagonize the positive signals induced via the Src kinase binding sites in the KIT receptor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology