Language development in children who are prelingually deaf who have used the SPEAK or CIS stimulation strategies since initial stimulation

Mario A. Svirsky, Patricia M. Chute, Janet Green, Priscilla Bollard, Richard T. Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children with profound congenital or prelingual deafness encounter significant difficulties in the development of skills in an oral language such as English. Their language development, however, can be accelerated if they receive a cochlear implant - a sensory aid that facilitates language acquisition by providing important auditory information. The present study used the Reynell Developmental Language Scales (RDLS) to assess language skills pre- and postimplant in 44 pediatric cochlear implant users. All users were profoundly to totally deaf, either at birth or before the age of 3 years. They all received cochlear implants before the age of 6 and were programmed with state-of-the-art stimulation strategies (CIS or SPEAK) since the day of initial stimulation. The main finding was that postimplantation language development proceeded at a pace that was not significantly different from normal. Thus, the language gap present at implantation did not increase after children started using the device, as it would if they had not received cochlear implants. Nevertheless, it is important to conduct further studies to determine whether these conclusions apply when other language skills, such as the use of grammar, are measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalVolta Review
Volume102
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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