Language skills of profoundly deaf children who received cochlear implants under 12 months of age: A preliminary study

Richard T. Miyamoto, Marcia J. Hay-McCutcheon, Karen Iler Kirk, Derek M. Houston, Tonya Bergeson-Dana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Conclusion. This study demonstrated that children who receive a cochlear implant below the age of 2 years obtain higher mean receptive and expressive language scores than children implanted over the age of 2 years. Objective. The purpose of this study was to compare the receptive and expressive language skills of children who received a cochlear implant before 1 year of age to the language skills of children who received an implant between 1 and 3 years of age. Subjects and methods. Standardized language measures, the Reynell Developmental Language Scale (RDLS) and the Preschool Language Scale (PLS), were used to assess the receptive and expressive language skills of 91 children who received an implant before their third birthday. Results. The mean receptive and expressive language scores for the RDLS and the PLS were slightly higher for the children who were implanted below the age of 2 years compared with the children who were implanted over 2 years old. For the PLS, both the receptive and expressive mean standard scores decreased with increasing age at implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-377
Number of pages5
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Cochlear implants
  • Expressive language
  • Preschool Language Scale
  • Receptive language
  • Reynell Developmental Language Scales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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