Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair after solid-organ transplantation

Peter T. Kennealey, Cynthia S. Johnson, Joseph Lector, Don J. Selzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Hypothesis: Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair (L1HR)is efficacious in transplant recipients. Design: Retrospective review. Setting: University hospital. Patients: Thirty-one transplant recipients who underwent LIHR between July 9, 2004, and October 27, 2005. Main Outcome Measures: Operative complications and incisional hernia recurrence. Results: The mean (SD) mesh size required for LIHR was 611 (307) cm 2. Median (range) hospital stay was 4 (1-28) days, with follow-up of 589 (22-953) days. Eighteen patients developed a postoperative complication, most frequently seroma formation, which occurred in 13 patients (72%). The mesh size required for LIHR was significantly larger in patients with a postoperative complication (n = 18; 706 [319] cm 2 vs n = 13; 480 [244] cm 2; P = .04). Seroma formation was not associated with previous open hernia repair, diabetes mellitus, or corticosteroid use. No statistically significant relationship was noted between the transplanted organ and seroma development. There were no post-LIHR wound infections. In 7 patients (23%), hernia recurred. Conclusions: Laparoscopic incisional hernia repair in solid-organ transplant recipients is associated with a high rate of seroma formation but minimal long-term morbidity. The recurrence rate after LIHR is equivalent to that after open hernia repair. These results suggest that LIHR is a safe and effective alternative to open repair in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-233
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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