OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to critically review the indications, outcomes, complications, and costs of laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy in comparison with abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: The operating room log was reviewed to determine the number and route of hysterectomies performed over a 1-year period. The charts of 50 consecutive laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomies and 50 vaginal hysterectomies were reviewed. Charts from 50 selected abdominal hysterectomies were also reviewed. Information on patient characteristics, indications, complications, uterine weights, hospital stay, and patient costs were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: Of 509 hysterectomies, 82 were performed as laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomies and 73 as vaginal hysterectomies. The patient characteristics and indications of the laparoscopically assisted group more closely matched those of the abdominal hysterectomy group. The complication rate in the laparoscopically assisted group was intermediate between the other two groups, but the hospital stay was significantly less. Patient cost for laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy was significantly greater than either abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy, in spite of the shortened hospital stay. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy offers a technique to convert some abdominal hysterectomies into vaginal hysterectomies. It appears particularly useful when an adnexal indication for surgery exists. Uterine leiomyoma does not appear to be an indication for laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy. The costs are significant because of increased operating time and costs of disposable equipment.
- Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
- abdominal hysterectomy
- vaginal hysterectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology