LC/MS-based quantitative proteomic analysis of paraffin-embedded archival melanomas reveals potential proteomic biomarkers associated with metastasis

Sharon K. Huang, Marlene M. Darfler, Michael B. Nicholl, Jinsam You, Kerry G. Bemis, Tony J. Tegeler, Mu Wang, Jen Pierre Wery, Kelly K. Chong, Linhda Nguyen, Richard A. Scolyer, Dave S.B. Hoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Melanoma metastasis status is highly associated with the overall survival of patients; yet, little is known about proteomic changes during melanoma tumor progression. To better understand the changes in protein expression involved in melanoma progression and metastasis, and to identify potential biomarkers, we conducted a global quantitative proteomic analysis on archival metastatic and primary melanomas. Methodology and Findings: A total of 16 metastatic and 8 primary cutaneous melanomas were assessed. Proteins were extracted from laser captured microdissected formalin fixed paraffin-embedded archival tissues by liquefying tissue cells. These preparations were analyzed by a LC/MS-based label-free protein quantification method. More than 1500 proteins were identified in the tissue lysates with a peptide ID confidence level of >75%. This approach identified 120 significant changes in protein levels. These proteins were identified from multiple peptides with high confidence identification and were expressed at significantly different levels in metastases as compared with primary melanomas (q-Value<0.05). Conclusions and Significance: The differentially expressed proteins were classified by biological process or mapped into biological system networks, and several proteins were implicated by these analyses as cancer- or metastasis-related. These proteins represent potential biomarkers for tumor progression. The study successfully identified proteins that are differentially expressed in formalin fixed paraffin-embedded specimens of metastatic and primary melanoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere4430
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Huang, S. K., Darfler, M. M., Nicholl, M. B., You, J., Bemis, K. G., Tegeler, T. J., Wang, M., Wery, J. P., Chong, K. K., Nguyen, L., Scolyer, R. A., & Hoon, D. S. B. (2009). LC/MS-based quantitative proteomic analysis of paraffin-embedded archival melanomas reveals potential proteomic biomarkers associated with metastasis. PLoS ONE, 4(2), [e4430]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0004430